• More than 25 years of experience• Private activity since 1992, as a founding partner of TEKNOGIN, centralizing its activity in CM TEKNON and Corachan
• Since 1992, Sonographer in Gynecology and Obstetrics at GILSON, Diagnostic Imaging, specialized in high-definition ultrasound diagnosis• Since 1993, sonographer of Centro Médico Teknon• Since 1999, prenatal diagnostic unit coordinator Teknon Medical Center• From 1998 to 2013, responsible for the clinical activity at ESIMER (Center specializing in assisted reproduction techniques) ...
• Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery from the UAB (Vall Hebrón Teaching Unit, 1985).• Specialist degree (specialty MIR) in General Hospital of Granollers (1992).
• Medical Assistant at the General Hospital of Granollers in 1993.• Medical assistant at the General Hospital of Alt Maresme during 1993-1998.• Level I and II ultrasound. Hospital of the Red Cross of Madrid (1991).• Level III ultrasound. Dexeus (1998).• MIR qualification, acquiring training in prenatal diagnosis and Level III of obstetric ultrasound ...
Publications and conferences
• Scientific publication, 1• Participation in 2 multicentre studies of gynecology and assisted reproduction.
• Assistance and presentation of communications, congresses, conferences and symposia. ...
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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Artificial insemination is a method of insemination in which sperm is deposited in the vagina of women through mechanical means that replace copu
Artificial insemination is a method of insemination in which sperm is deposited in the vagina of women through mechanical means that replace copulation, and in the near ovulation time. In this way, the sperm travel up the fallopian tubes is shortened, and therefore, there are more likely to approach the more sperm egg. The aim is to increase the chances of pregnancy in couples who have difficulty conceiving a child. The technique consists, first, to collect a semen sample which is treated in the laboratory to concentrate sperm. The doctor inserts a speculum into the vagina to see the cervix and injecting the sperm into the uterus. Usually, it's a bit painful process, and usually accompanied by ovarian stimulation techniques.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the union of egg and sperm artificially in the laboratory in order to obtain a suitable number of embryos to tran
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the union of egg and sperm artificially in the laboratory in order to obtain a suitable number of embryos to transfer to the uterus and fertilize; thus she becomes pregnant women. This procedure can solve certain cases of infertility, and is usually resorted to when other assisted reproduction techniques have failed, such as artificial insemination. Insemination of the oocytes can be performed by conventional technique or IVF using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), which is used mainly when there is a male sterility factor.
What is infertility?
According to the World Health Organization, infertility is a pathology of the reproductive system that makes pregna
What is infertility?
According to the World Health Organization, infertility is a pathology of the reproductive system that makes pregnancy impossible. Infertility affects the couple, both men and women, who can not have a child naturally. There are two types of infertility. Primary infertility, which affects couples who have not achieved a pregnancy after at least one year of sexual intercourse without contraception, and secondary infertility, in couples who have been able to get pregnant and can not now.
Symptoms and causes of infertility can vary between men and women
Symptoms of infertility
The symptoms of infertility can vary in men and women.
In women, the symptoms may be related to the menstrual cycle and ovulation. They can be abnormal menstruation, with bleeding more abundant or less than usual; irregular menses, when the number of days between each menstruation is different every month; amenorrhea, that is, absence of menstruation, and dysmenorrhea, very painful menstruations. Symptoms may also occur without regard to menstruation, these being the appearance of whitish flow in the nipples (without having any relation to breastfeeding) or pain during sexual intercourse.
In men, the symptoms of infertility related to sperm can be the presence of semen of yellow or green tonality, red or brown spots; ejaculations very odorous, thick, watery or with little amount. Also, they can witness symptoms unrelated to semen such as: changes in hair growth, alterations in sexual desire, erection problems and stiffness in the testicles.
What are the causes of infertility?
The causes of infertility common between men and women are:
Congenital defects of the reproductive system
Cancer, tumors, chemotherapeutic drugs, radiotherapy.
Excess of alcohol consumption
Scars due to sexually transmitted infections, abdominal surgery or endometriosis.
In women, infertility can arise as a result of:
Neoplasms in the cervix and / or uterus, ovarian cysts, polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Tubal ligation or reanastomosis.
In men, the causes of infertility can be:
Consumption of certain medicines, such as cimetidine, spironolactone and nitrofurantoin
Scarring due to sexually transmitted diseases, injury or surgery
Toxins in the environment
Vasectomy or failure of the vasovasostomy.
Can infertility be prevented?
As a general rule, if the infertility is genetic or caused by an illness, it can not be remedied. However, there are certain things that favor infertility that can be avoided:
Take preventive measures against Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).
Do not consume drugs. Do not drink alcohol frequently or in excess.
Maintain good personal hygiene.
In women, go for a gynecological examination once a year once they are sexually active.
In men, wear loose underwear and avoid hot baths, saunas and radiations.
What is the treatment of infertility?
The methods to treat infertility in men and women are the taking of hormones to balance the hormonal imbalance, the use of supplements to improve fertility and the taking of antibiotics when suffering from infection. In women, undergoing minor surgery that removes blocking tissues or scarring of the fallopian tubes, uterus or pelvic area is another option. If this does not work, you can proceed to assisted reproduction techniques.
The abortion of repetition is the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies before 20 weeks of gestation. Each case must be individualized, age ofThe abortion of repetition is the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies before 20 weeks of gestation. Each case must be individualized, age of the woman, the circumstances surrounding the lost or anxiety partners should be aspects to consider.
Risk pregnancy is a type of pregnancy in which there is more chance that the mother or the child have any problems. It is necessary rest and medical supervision and, in some cases it is necessary or take medication or an additional food supplement.
To be one, medium, high or very high risk pregnancy, diseases should be given the mother, the fetus or circumstances that can endanger both.
Pregnancies under 17 and over 38, obese women with abnormalities in the pelvis, with negative Rh, smoking ...
Severe anemia mother, twin pregnancy, the uterus operated unfavorable obstetrical history or women, infection, gestational diabetes, suspected fetal malformation, morbidly obese, ..
Very high risk
Multiple gestations, uterine malformations, heart disease, diabetes, cervical incontinence, restricted fetal growth, fetal malformation confirmed, placenta previa, severe preeclampsia, preterm labor, ruptured membrane.
Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging procedure that allows you to view organs and soft structures within the body. It is made using high-frequency sound waves that are emitted by a transducer that captures the echo of different amplitudes which occurs bounce off the organs. These signals, when processed by a computer, give a series of images of the tissues examined. Today may be two-dimensional, three-dimensional or 4-dimensional images. Ultrasound is a noninvasive technique, in which no radiation used and thus is used to visualize fetuses that are being formed. This procedure can differentiate clearly the shape and size of each structure within the body. In medicine it is used to see the heart, kidneys, liver and blood vessels, among other organs.
Condyloma, or genital wart is a disease that affects the skin area around the anus or genitals. Also called genital warts that appear as small warts grow in size and are spreading to the genital area. They are usually asymptomatic and, therefore, patients do not even know they have it until later. Genital warts are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). It is a sexually transmitted disease in 95% of cases, so it is transmitted from person to person by direct contact, although other methods of transmission.
Contraceptives prevent or reduce the chance of fertilization of women, thus preventing pregnancy and plan the best time to have a child. Currently, there are multiple types of contraception provided by oral, intravaginal and transdermal, injectable, by subcutaneous implant or physical means. Examples include the pill, the patch, the implant, the condom, vasectomy or IUD. Regarding its effectiveness, not all are classified in the same way, being abstinence and condom patches of the most reliable. The use of certain contraceptive methods such as condoms can prevent the contraction of sexually transmitted diseases.
The contraceptive ring ( also called NuvaRing) is a method of birth control that contains artificial forms of the hormones that are normally produced in the ovaries of women: estrogen and progestin. These prevent the ovary from releasing an egg during her menstrual cycle; the progestin, also helps to prevent sperm from entering the uterus, causing the mucus that exists in the cervix becomes thick. It is a flexible ring about five inches in diameter to the same woman placed inside the vagina. It is a monthly contraceptive: it must remain in the vagina for three weeks;after, retires for a week. However, keep in mind that it can produce side effects such as nausea, vaginitis or breakthrough bleeding.
Cystitis is inflammation of the urinary bladder. You can be infected or not. Its main symptoms are burning sensation during urination, a strong urge to urinate, blood in urine and discomfort in the pelvic area. Cystitis caused by a bacterial infection is usually treated with antibiotics. Cystitis is more prevalent in women because they have shorter urethra and is closer to the anus.
Endometrial polyp is a deformation which manifests itself in the uterine cavity. (Within the endometrium, the lining that covers the inside of the uterus). It may be of different size and shape, and has a slow growth, but sometimes it can occupy the entire endometrial cavity. Endometrial polyp is painless and usually does not cause problems, appearing especially in women past menopause. Signs of suspicion are: vaginal bleeding during or after menopause, excessive menstrual bleeding, heavy menstrual periods or longer than usual, cramps during or between periods, etc. Treatment or surgery for endometrial polyps usually require removal. Endometrial polyp operation is performed by hysteroscopy.
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes in humans. There are over 100 different types, most of them harmless, but some are associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer or dysplasia (abnormal cell changes in the surface of the cervix). These are acquired through sexual contact with an infected partner, and can be low risk or high risk. The low-risk types can cause genital warts. The high-risk can cause cervical, vulva, vagina and anus cancer in women; and cancer of the penis and anus in men. It is possible that the affected person has no symptoms; in the case of women, regular Pap smears can detect changes in the cervix that may end up leading to cancer. There is no cure for HPV. The treatment of cervical dysplasia that does not go away, may include surgery to remove the abnormal tissue.
The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) is a vaccine that protects against certain strains of this virus, which can be the cause of most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts (both men and in women). The HPV vaccine can be given from 9 years, and is recommended for children aged 11 to 12. The reason is that it is more effective if it has not had any sexual contact and also because the response to it is greater than during adulthood. Papillomavirus vaccine may have some side effects, the most common of which are: fainting, dizziness, nausea, and skin reactions in the area where the shot was given.
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a plastic or metal T-shaped the gynecologist placed in the uterus of women. It is one of the most effective methods to prevent pregnancy. Once in place, it stays within the uterine cavity until it ask the doctor to remove it, and has a cord attached to the end so that women can make sure the device is in place in each period. What the IUD is to prevent sperm from getting into the egg by changing the lining of the uterus. Among its advantages in addition to its effectiveness, is the fact that it is cheap, can prevent pregnancy between 5 and 10 years, it begins to work very quickly, and the woman does not feel it in your body, so it does not cause discomfort.
Mastitis is an inflammation of the mammary gland caused, generally, by infection. One cause may be lack of hygiene. But often occurs when a woman is breastfeeding, the skin of the nipples may crack and let the bacteria living on the skin penetrate the fatty tissue of the breast. The proliferation of bacteria produces an abscess it difficult exit milk ducts in the breast. The usual symptoms of breast inflammation include sore breasts, bloating, having a tender area and reddened, swollen glands in the armpits, fever, chills, fatigue, etc. To eliminate the infection, they are often prescribed antibiotics and analgesics for pain relief. Other recommendations are the local application of heat using wet cloths, extreme hygiene, removal of breast milk, getting enough rest and drink plenty of liquids. In any case, you can continue to breastfeed.
It is called menopause to the disappearance of the menstrual periods of the woman permanently, because of the arrest of the ovarian cycle. At a certain age of the woman, the average is around 50 years, the ovaries produce less amount of estrogen and progesterone, which are female hormones. After this process the woman can no longer get pregnant. In the case of men this process is called andropause, which is the loss of sexual potency due to the low levels of the testosterone hormone in the body. The menopause process can last several years.
What symptoms does it present?
Menopause has symptoms such as changes in the menstrual cycle, insomnia, vaginal dryness, mood alteration, difficulty concentrating, hot flashes, weight gain, headache and more facial hair, among others. Some of these symptoms require medical treatment. For example, the intake of bioidentical hormones or the follow-up of a diet indicated to reduce the annoying symptoms.
Causes of menopause or why it occurs
Menopause occurs due to the low production of female hormones. Sometimes surgical menopause can occur, which is when a surgical treatment causes a decrease in estrogen. On the other hand, it is important to note that there are certain drugs such as those used for chemotherapy or hormone therapy for breast cancer that can cause menopause.
Can it be prevented?
Menopause is a part of a woman's natural development and can not be prevented. What you can do is take into account certain care to reduce the risk of long-term problems such as osteoporosis and heart disease. It is important not to smoke, exercise regularly, ingest calcium and vitamin D and control blood pressure and cholesterol.
What is the treatment?
The treatment may be a change in lifestyle or hormone therapy. The application of one or the other depends on many factors such as the severity of the symptoms, the general health and the preferences of the patient.
The ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with liquid that forms in the ovary or on it. The most common are functional cysts, which are formed as a result of ovulation, which are divided into follicular cysts, when the follicle does not open to release the egg; corpus luteum cysts, if the follicle that held the egg is sealed after release. Usually, no specific treatment is necessary since they produce mild symptoms and disappear on their own in about 6 or 7 weeks. In addition, the cysts are common in women of childbearing age, and are usually benign, but can also be malignant or cancerous. In many cases it may require treatment by surgery adequate ovarian cysts: in benign can only remove ovarian area becomes ill, through a laparoscopic intervention ovarian cyst; however, in the case of malignant cysts, often requires removing the entire ovary.
The pelvic floor is the set of muscles and ligaments surrounding the abdominal cavity at its bottom. Holding all the pelvic organs (bladder and urethra, uterus and vagina, and rectum) and ensure their normal operation.
The pelvic floor is dynamic, adapting to our movement while still maintaining adequate voltage to hold the organs inside the pelvis. When the pelvic floor is weakened, as problems that can affect urine leakage, discomfort, pain and even the fall of the abdominal organs arise.
Pelvic pain features occur in the lower abdomen as both intermittent steadily. Pelvic pain in women can occur during menstruation or during intercourse. It may be a sign that there is a problem in the pelvic organs such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes or the vagina. To discover the cause of the pain suffered by the patient, several clinical tests must be performed, and the treatment of pelvic pain depends on the results. Women may also experience an infection of the lining of the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is caused by bacteria that cause chlamydia and gonorrhea.
The polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition that occurs when there is an imbalance in the female ovaries or adrenal glands so they produce more male hormones than normal. The result is the development of cysts (tiny fluid-filled balloons) in the ovaries. Women can develop the syndrome during the teen years or reproductive age, being more common in obese women. Although sometimes no symptoms are experienced, it is common irregular, infrequent or absent menstrual periods are given. Other effects may include infertility, pelvic pain, excess hair on the face, chest, abdomen and fingers, hair loss or weak hair, acne, oily skin or dandruff. Birth control pills can help regulate the period and reduce male hormone levels, so treatment usually polycystic ovaries. When the ovaries produce multiple small cysts (no more than 1 cm in diameter), we speak of " micropoliquísticos ovaries syndrome ", which usually have the same symptoms. Likewise, treatment of micropoliquísticos ovaries may also be based on the administration of the contraceptive pill.
Premenstrual syndrome is a cluster of physical symptoms and / or mood that women may have one to two weeks before menstruation and disappear when it starts. The vast majority of women experience at least one of these symptoms: joint pain, tender and swollen breasts, migraine, acne, fatigue, constipation, irritability, hot flashes, depression, changes in mood, loss of interest in sex , etc. Sometimes they are severe enough to interfere with their normal life. There is no definitive treatment of premenstrual syndrome, but it is generally recommended to exercise regularly, take medications such as analgesics or evening primrose and follow a healthy diet (avoiding sugars, refined foods by substituting whole, reducing fat ... ).
Management of pregnancy or prenatal care is necessary for the welfare of the mother and baby. Reviews should be monthly during the first seven months of pregnancy and more frequent as you approach your due date. In each event routine tests are performed to verify the proper conduct of gestation. Some surveys are conducted only in pregnancies of risk.
Under the term "birth preparation" set of tools that are useful to prospective parents the time to prepare for the birth of a baby from the beginning of pregnancy are included. They are usually briefings in which an introduction is made to fetal development and existing medical checks, psychological aspects of pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum, the delivery operation; quarantine period after birth, breastfeeding, etc. Besides, in practical classes in preparation for childbirth, a specialized instructor Teaching the pregnant body postures and exercises that will help provide greater elasticity to the muscular structures to facilitate the birth process, and breathing and relaxation techniques that will allow greater self-control at the time of labor contractions.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a set of different microorganisms caused by infectious diseases, which have in common that are preferably spread during sex. More than 20 known STDs, including: chlamydia and lymphogranuloma, gonorrhea, genital herpes, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), genital warts caused by human papillomavirus, syphilis and trichomoniasis. Although most STDs affect both men and women, women have the most serious health problems. Not all STDs can be cured: those that are caused by bacteria, such as chlamydia, are fought with antibiotics, but they are caused by viruses, such as genital herpes, treatment is limited to alleviate the symptoms.
Transvaginal ultrasound is a medical diagnostic technique used to examine the genitals of women, including the uterus, ovaries and cervix. Images are formed by the use of ultrasound, and the physician observes a monitor by moving a probe while going through the area. The transvaginal ultrasound is usually done during pregnancy, when abnormal findings on physical examination (such as fibroid tumors or cysts), when there is abnormal vaginal bleeding and menstrual problems, pelvic pain, certain types of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, etc. Some of the problems that can be observed are the cancer of the uterus, ovaries, vagina, and other pelvic structures, as well as other infections and congenital abnormalities.
Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the bladder, which means that you can not always hold urine. It can affect anyone, but is most common in people over 50 years. Most control problems occur because the muscles that keep the bladder are too weak or too active. If they are weak, small amounts of urine to perform actions such as laughing or coughing are lost, which is known as stress incontinence. On the contrary, if they are too active, you can have an urgent need to go to the bathroom while having little urine in the bladder (urge incontinence or overactive bladder). Other causes include prostate problems and neurological damage. The treatment of urinary incontinence depends on the cause and type, but in general usually includes simple exercises, medicines and special devices. Surgery may be helpful at times.
Vaginitis is a vaginal inflammation, usually due to an infection. The causes may be chemical or traumatic. Chemical due to the use of some creams or aggressive soaps near the vagina or urethra. Traumatic or external causes that cause inflammation of the vagina can range from sexual intercourse without sufficient lubrication or too aggressive, or practice sports without the necessary clothing. Sometimes, symptoms may go unnoticed, but usually present an abnormally excessive secretion, burning, painful urination, intercourse discomfort and irritation in the vulva and vagina. Treatment of vaginitis may be a cream or gel which is introduced into the vagina. Anyway, even if symptoms disappear, the infection may still be dormant.
Thrush is an infection caused by the fungus Candida, the most common is Candida albicans. It is found in small amounts in the vagina, mouth, digestive tract and skin, often without causing infection. However, the amount of Candida albicans may increase leading to a yeast infection. Most women have a yeast infection throughout their lives.
The causes of candidiasis are:
-Be Taking antibiotics used to treat other types of infections.
- Thrush is not spread through sexual contact. But some men may have a rash on the penis after sexual contact.
Source: All information contained on this page as well as office hours available, are provided directly by the doctor who has the ability to update them at all times in order to keep the information as accurate as possible.
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