Dr. Robert Krämer
• More than 15 years of experience• From the year 1998 as supervisor exerted in minimally invasive therapies and microsurgery of the spine and head of section in treatment of spinal disorders in Dusseldorf Heinrich - Heine- University Hospital in the year 2003 in the University Hospital St. Josefde Ruhr -Bochum, Germany. • In the year 2004, in collaboration with Dr. Lluis Aguilar, founded the company Spineli Oh, dedicated to the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the spine, placing his career in Centro Medico Teknon. ...
• Licensed by the Heinrich -Heine University in Dusseldorf 1993• Title Specialist Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology in 2000 • Degree in Sports Medicine and Chiropractic• Degree of Doctor in 1993 by Heinrich -Heine University Dusseldorf with the thesis Sonographic technique to evaluate- instabilities of the knee after partial and complete rupture of the anterior cruciate rupture ligament. ...
Publications and conferences
• He has authored and co-authored several books on pathology of the spine.• He has published numerous articles on pathology of the spine in various refereed journals and has presented a significant number of oral presentations in national and international conferences and meetings
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
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The stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the spinal cord and roots. When located in the lower part of the spinal column The stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the spinal cord and roots. When located in the lower part of the spinal column it is known as lumbar canal stenosis, while when the narrowing occurs in the top of the column is called cervical canal stenosis. The lumbar and cervical areas are usually being the most affected, although the narrowing channel does not cause pain if not compress any nerve structure. The spinal stenosis often occur gradually by the aging process, due to the deformation of bones and tissues around the spinal canal. Usually begins to affect people over 50 years, although it also occurs in young people with a spinal trauma. The treatment of various types of spinal stenosis is usually based on the use of medications (anti-inflammatories or steroids) to reduce pain and inflammation with rest time, or physical therapy. Surgery is recommended only where nerve compression which progressively worsens. ...
Percutaneous surgical disc herniation is a minimally invasive technique to remove herniated spinal both lumbar and cervical without open surgery. Thi Percutaneous surgical disc herniation is a minimally invasive technique to remove herniated spinal both lumbar and cervical without open surgery. This surgery involves removing the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc through a small incision in the skin. This is achieved by introducing an endoscope, an instrument that includes a thin tube with a lens and allows viewing on a screen structures and tissues, as well as the whole process, using fine instruments, such as laser and radiofrequency. The patient can lead normal lives the day after surgery and does not require a special rehabilitation perform. ...
Lumbar disc hernia is an injury caused by degeneration or wear of the intervertebral discs of the spine, which act as shock absorbers between the Lumbar disc hernia is an injury caused by degeneration or wear of the intervertebral discs of the spine, which act as shock absorbers between the vertebrae. Lumbar hernia is one of the most common and causes compression or irritation of the nerve root, which often just manifesting as sciatic nerve pain, depending on the position and size of the hernia. The main causes of herniated discs are articulate aging, trauma or prolonged exertion. In addition, there are risk factors that favor its appearance, such as obesity, sedentary lifestyle or snuff. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the case, and can be solved with temporary resting, drug administration, rehabilitation exercises or even surgery, it indicated only for patients who do not respond to other treatments and the pain persists markedly. A herniated disc L4 the level of injury when the pain radiates from the front of the thigh, no loss of sensation in the inside of the leg and foot, and causes weakness in the knee. L5 level of injury occurs when the pain radiates down the back of the thigh and there is a loss of sensation in the side wall of the calf and the back of the foot. Therefore, disc herniation L4 and L5 can be distinguished by the symptoms they cause. ...
Neck pain is that which occurs at the top of the column, in the cervical spine. It is a pain produced generally by trauma, disease, progressive deter Neck pain is that which occurs at the top of the column, in the cervical spine. It is a pain produced generally by trauma, disease, progressive deterioration, poor posture or emotional stress. Specifically, the neck pain can be caused by any irregularity or tension in this area of the spine, in the muscles, ligaments, nerves or disks, as in the vertebrae and their joints. The symptoms of neck pain can be of varying degrees, from mild discomfort to a sharp, sudden and severe pain. You can also become a chronic neck pain when it lasts more than three months and usually more common in women than in men. Besides, in patients suffering from neck pain and persistent headache it is recommended consultation with a doctor and physiotherapy. ...
The spine surgery is to correct structural abnormalities of the spine that cause pain. It is indicated in cases where there is significant compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots, and when it is due undoubtedly to the structural abnormality detected. One of those treated by surgery of cervical spine injury is a herniated disc. Cervical surgery may be necessary to reduce pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots, when pain is caused by a herniated disc or a bone of spinal canal. Trauma surgery may also be required to stabilize the cervical spine and minimize the possibility of paralysis, when a fracture or dislocation causes a vertebral instability. Likewise, cervical surgery is also used in case of degenerative diseases. ...
Pain is an unpleasant feeling of discomfort and physical suffering that develops in the central nervous system by an internal or external cause of the body. It can be sharp or dull, intermittent or constant, and can affect a particular part of the body or the board. Because pain is a symptom, it can help diagnose an illness or injury, because if a patient did not feel it, you would not realize that it has hurt or suffering from any disease. To relieve pain, different treatments, such as analgesics, acupuncture or surgery, depending on the cause are used. ...
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to treat degenerative diseases of the spine. The fusion consists in fixing two bone parts rigidly and irreversibly anchoring a joint using screws, plates and titanium rods. Its aim is to stabilize the spine to relieve local pain. In addition, decompression of the nerve roots relieves sciatic pain and difficulty walking, typical of stenosis, or narrowing of the spinal canal. The technique of spinal fusion is divided into anterior cervical fusion, posterior cervical arthrodesis and posterior lumbar spine fusion. The spinal fusion is performed in the operating room under general anesthesia. ...
The spinal fracture is a break or the collapse of one of the bones of the spine. This can happen for a strong impact in the area or for the loss of bone mass, osteoporosis caused by eg. Although removal of bone mass may also occur for other cusas: cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hyperthyroidism and long-term use of corticosteroids. In these cases, the deterioration causes bone fractures can also occur as a result of normal activity, such as bending over or get something. Symptoms include a sudden onset of pain or a chronic, dull back pain and weakness or immobility of all or any part of the body. Traditional treatment for spinal fractures includes extended bedrest, pain medication and the use of corsets. These treatments can reduce pain, but do not stabilize the fracture or correct the related spinal deformity. In fact, a spinal fracture can cause irreversible damage as a total or partial paralysis of the injured. ...
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