For proper planning of sports nutrition , we must take into account the individual characteristics , their previous nutritional status and the type of sport they perform.
It is also important to see if you are in training periods or are going to take a sports test. All nutrients are necessary for all individuals, but in the case of athletes, increasing energy needs may increase the needs of some of them, especially macronutrients, such as carbohydrates or proteins , as well as water .
Even so, sports nutrition must be varied , avoiding eliminating food groups, and must be designed in accordance with the demands of the practice of sports.
With regard to the taking of supplements , we can say that, for an amateur practice with a well-made diet, it is not necessary to use any type of supplements. For high performance athletes it may be necessary to supplement some deficiency if the medical tests that are practiced so indicate.