Abscesses or dental abscesses are clumps of pus in the soft tissues that surround the teeth because they suffer a bacterial infection. The signs and symptoms they present are discomfort and more or less intense pain that can be continuous or sporadic.
It can also develop inflammation and / or redness around the tooth that can spread to adjacent nodes, discomfort and difficulty in chewing, tooth sensitivity , oozing, bad breath and poor taste in the mouth. In advanced cases, there may be fever, swelling in the face and neck , inability or difficulty of opening the mouth and swallowing.
One of the most frequent causes is dental caries. When a caries is not treated properly, it can evolve and produce abscess. Phlemon is an advanced stage of caries where the infection has penetrated the enamel, the dentine and reaches the pulp (nerve) and the root of the tooth, causing tissues to swell and produce the typical swelling of the phlegmon. Other common causes of abscesses and phlegmon are gum diseases such as periodontitis ("pyorrhea") and gingivitis.
The best weapon is always prevention through good oral hygiene , proper diet and go to the dentist and / or periodontist periodically to detect possible tooth decay and / or gum disease. Symptoms are usually given anti-inflammatories and analgesics to relieve inflammation and pain and antibiotics are usually given to fight the infection. In the consultation, the dentist usually drains the infection or abscess with appropriate instruments and under local anesthesia.