Snoring and apnea

Specialty of Otolaringology

Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by temporary occlusion of the upper airway, at the level of the pharynx during rest hours disorders. The best known manifestation of this problem is snoring, but in severe cases can stop breathing (apnea) for more than ten seconds, so that episodes of sleep interruptions occur overnight. These episodes cause depletion of oxygen in the brain, which increases the risk of cardiovascular problems, diabetes or stroke. The affected person may also experience sleepiness, general fatigue or depression, and impaired concentration and see their professional and personal performance. The most common causes of snoring and apnea are obesity, a soft palate too big and hypothyroidism. The treatment can be based on: weight loss, change life changes, leave the snuff and alcohol; wear a nasal mask that delivers air pressure controlled by a mechanical device (CPAP); and surgery on the palate.

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