Cholelithiasis

Specialty of Gastroenterology

Cholelithiasis, gallstones also known, is the occurrence of gallstones in the gallbladder, digestive organ in charge of accumulating bile, a must to perform digestion substance. A gallstone is a hard deposit whose size can vary considerably, consisting of pure cholesterol, bilirubin and calcium, or bilirubin and calcium. His appearance responds to several factors, including very high levels of cholesterol, obesity, diabetes and some hereditary problems, among others. Also, the symptoms also depend on the size of the stone, ranging from stomach pain, nausea and vomiting up. For treatment, consisting of end these calculations, bile salts orally, or Medicines called chenodeoxycholic acid and ursodeoxycholic acid, which manage to dissolve administered. When the patient has more severe symptoms, we resort to surgery through a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, modern technique with small incisions that allows a very quick recovery.

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