Uterine cancer

Specialty of Obstetrics & Gynecology

Cervical cancer encompasses different cancers that develop in the uterus, according to their location and pathological structure. Thus, we find: uterine sarcoma, endometrial cancer (which, in turn, may include endometrial carcinomas, sarcomas endometrial stromal, malignant mixed Mullerian tumors), cervical cancer (or cervical) and gestational trophoblastic disease. Usually it occurs when normal cells are transformed uterus and grow uncontrollably. These cancers are more common in women between 40 and 55 years. It is currently the sixth most common cancer in Spain, behind breast, lung, colorectal, endometrial and ovarian. There are risk factors associated with the incidence of cervical cancer: human papilloma virus (HPV), consumption of snuff, women with immune system weakened by the use of drugs for other diseases, women with genital herpes or oral contraceptive use . Currently there are techniques that allow highly accurate diagnose virtually all these cancers and treatment depend on each case, indicating surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

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