Amniocentesis is a test that is done during pregnancy through a puncture in the matrix to obtain a small amount of amniotic fluid, which is the sac that surrounds and protects the fetus. Subsequently, an analysis of this fluid is done to rule out genetic and chromosome problems in the baby, such as anencephaly, Down syndrome, spina bifida, Rh disease, infections and rare metabolic disorders passed down through families. Amniocentesis is usually recommended for women at risk of having a child with congenital family history anomalies with genetic disorders, among other reasons. Although the risks of the test are minor, they can include: infection or injury to the baby, spontaneous abortion, loss of amniotic fluid and vaginal bleeding.

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