Athletes during exercise, can be injured in any part of the body. However, there are a group of particularly dangerous and delicate injuries, such as brain or head injury.
Second impact syndrome: what is and causes symptoms
The second impact syndrome is a condition that occurs after an athlete suffers a second concussion before symptoms have subsided previous. This second blow can minutes, days or weeks occur after the initial shock and even the slightest degree of shock may lead to second impact syndrome.
The cause is uncertain but is believed to cerebral arterioles lose ability to regulate its diameter, thereby losing control of cerebral blood flow and causing massive cerebral edema.
It could be defined as potentially serious complication that may occur as a result of an athlete to return to sports before the symptoms of a minor brain injury have been resolved. These symptoms include headaches, cognitive changes and changes in vision. It is not necessary that the initial injury or the second of a serious nature are. In fact, it happens even with indirect impacts, which produce and transmit to the brain acceleration forces.
Diagnosing brain syndrome second impact
Specialists medical professionals in Traumatology are the ones who must advise the athlete who has suffered the concussion and, especially, if they complain of symptoms I mentioned earlier, when to return to the sport without risks. Resonance and CT are the specific tests to diagnose edema and other bleeding that may occur.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante