Second syndrome brain impact athletes

Written by: Dr. Fulgencio Molina Zapata
Edited by: Patricia Pujante Crespo

Athletes during exercise, can be injured in any part of the body. However, there are a group of particularly dangerous and delicate injuries, such as brain or head injury.


Second impact syndrome: what is and causes symptoms

The second impact syndrome is a condition that occurs after an athlete suffers a second concussion before symptoms have subsided previous. This second blow can minutes, days or weeks occur after the initial shock and even the slightest degree of shock may lead to second impact syndrome.

The cause is uncertain but is believed to cerebral arterioles lose ability to regulate its diameter, thereby losing control of cerebral blood flow and causing massive cerebral edema.

It could be defined as potentially serious complication that may occur as a result of an athlete to return to sports before the symptoms of a minor brain injury have been resolved. These symptoms include headaches, cognitive changes and changes in vision. It is not necessary that the initial injury or the second of a serious nature are. In fact, it happens even with indirect impacts, which produce and transmit to the brain acceleration forces.


Diagnosing brain syndrome second impact

Specialists medical professionals in Traumatology are the ones who must advise the athlete who has suffered the concussion and, especially, if they complain of symptoms I mentioned earlier, when to return to the sport without risks. Resonance and CT are the specific tests to diagnose edema and other bleeding that may occur.  



Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Fulgencio Molina Zapata

By Dr. Fulgencio Molina Zapata
Orthopaedic Surgery

Dr. Molina is an expert and Master in Sport Traumatology reputed. Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery at the University of Murcia, specializes in emergency medicine. Constantly training, also has a master's degree in sports traumatology and is an expert in treating injuries of karate and martial arts. He currently serves as Deputy Medical Service Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology Hospital Chiron Murcia, where he is also head of the emergency department. He is also a medical service Sport Sport traumatology Clinic Ripoll and Prado consultant and member of FIFA F-MARC in Sport Clinic Ripoll and Prado FIFA Medical Center of Excellence. On the other hand, he is the author and co-author of numerous publications and books on Sports Traumatology, especially about injuries in karate and soccer.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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