Cardiovascular prevention at any age

Written by: Dr. Eduardo Alegría Ezquerra
Edited by: Patricia Fernández Ramos

prevent hypertension In Spain the paradox that we have a high incidence of risk factors-especially high cholesterol, hypertension, smoking and sobrepeso- is given and also the incidence of cardiovascular complications is lower than in other countries with the same or lower load of risk factors. This has made creating a false consciousness of "Mediterranean" immunity, which carries a suicidal passivity to the epidemic that will surely come because of the worsening lifestyle of youth and adolescents.


Risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Although many still believe women are not in any way free of this disease. On the contrary, mortality from cardiovascular disease is higher in women, and also gives them the fact that less frequently applied diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of proven effectiveness.

Nor is it true that from a certain age no longer worthwhile prevent cardiovascular disease. It is true that the sooner you start reducing risk factors more mortality is reduced, but so is that at any age lengthens survival and limiting complications (stroke and heart failure in particular) are reduced. One of the limitations of cardiovascular prevention is that most efforts are applied to the high-risk population (with already discovered disease or group of multiple risk factors), while most of the complications will occur in the population considered low risk, no access to a cardiologist and prevention.


Primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

In both primary prevention for the person who has had no complications such as secondary for those who wish to avoid the repetition of an episode, the lifestyle is essential. Such lifestyle has three main components, smoking cessation, regular exercise and adequate food. Regarding diet, are important five aspects: caloric intake in terms of weight, salt, alcohol, fat and glycemic index. As for exercise, it is considered as the key point of cardiovascular prevention and is recommended for all people to varying degrees depending on their characteristics and some particular recommendations. And against smoking, no amount is acceptable or not any substitute (electronic cigarettes do not help to quit smoking and are inherently harmful).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Eduardo Alegría Ezquerra

Prestigious specialist in Cardiology, Dr. Alegría Ezquerra has a degree in Medicine from the University of Navarra and a Doctor of Medicine from the University of Navarra since 1975. For more than 20 years he was Director of the Coronary Unit at the University Clinic and between 2009 and 2014 was Director of the Integrated Cardiology Service at the Gipuzkoa Polyclinic. In addition, the advisory committee of the European Society of Cardiology (cardiovascular prevention, lipids and diabetes) and the Management Committee of the Preventive Cardiology Section of the Society Spanish of Cardiology. Throughout his career he has combined his assistance with teaching as an assistant professor and assistant of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Navarra for more than 35 years. Its multitude of publications and communications to scientific congresses of national and international scope seals a trajectory of first level. He is currently a consultant for the Cardiology Service of the Gipuzkoa Polyclinic and Director of the online educational platform of the Spanish Society of Cardiology.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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