Overweight and obesity are defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can be harmful to health.
They are quantified using the body mass index (BMI). It is calculated by dividing the weight of a person by the square of his size (kg / m2).
- BMI> 25: overweight.
- BMI> 30: obesity.
There is another index, the "percentage of body fat", much more reliable than the BMI , since it allows to quantify and to differentiate the lean mass of the fat. The most precise way of quantifying it, and the one we use in our consultation, is by bioelectrical impedance apparatus.
Depending on the location of fat, there are two types of obesity:
-peripheral (glutes, thighs and arms).
-central (abdominal), the most harmful.
Waist circumference (> 102 cm in men and> 88 cm in women) quantifies central obesity.
Causes and consequences
Being overweight is the fifth mortality factor in the world.
The causes are multiple: genetic inheritance, behavior of the nervous system, endocrine and metabolic, lifestyle , but we could simplify saying that it is due to:
- Excessive caloric intake
- Low physical activity
The main consequences are:
- Coronary heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Cancer (endometrium, breast, colon ...)
- Dyslipidemia (high levels of cholesterol or triglycerides)
- Sleep Apnea and Respiratory Problems
- Gynecological problems (abnormal menstruation, infertility), hepatic ...
This risk increases with increasing BMI.
Prevent and combat
Being overweight and obese, as well as their associated diseases, can be prevented and treated. In our office we have an interdisciplinary team equipped with the most modern systems for the diagnosis and treatment of obesity. After a thorough personal examination of each case, the doctor will tell you which are the most appropriate ways to lose weight and reduce abdominal fat.
Broadly speaking the procedures are:
- Personalized diet adapted to each patient
- Increase of the appropriate physical exercise to each case, and change of the habits of life.
- Determination of the pathologies associated with the most modern methods of diagnosis.
- Genetic testing in some cases
- Use of modern biomechanical methods
In recent years, a revolution has been taking place in the coadjutant methods of weight and fat reduction , represented by novel and effective biomechanical techniques applied to this field. These include Lipocavitation and more recently Cryolipolysis, both based on physical principles that achieve an effect "liposuction without surgery". After years of research, doctors at Massachusetts Hospital (Harvard University) presented their studies on the effectiveness of cryolipolysis and the FDA approved its use in 2010. We currently have the most modern technology worldwide, at the service of our patients.
The ideal is to combine different biomechanical means with the different techniques to achieve the best result.
The exhaustive medical and interdisciplinary control carried out in our office is a guarantee for these procedures to reach the desired objectives.