Wisdom teeth are the four teeth found in the back of the mouth, up and down. They are the last to appear, usually making between 16 and 25 years.
In many cases it is advisable to remove wisdom teeth because they cause problems of space and alignment with the other teeth, causing pain and infection. Extract is not always necessary. For example, if the wisdom tooth does not alter the rest of teeth and may brush it and clean it properly, it will not be necessary to remove it.
Not all people have wisdom teeth. But more often it is that yes, some people do not leave them these wheels or do not go to them all. If you do not appear in the mouth, they may get inside the mandible or maxilla coated gum.
Extraction of wisdom teeth
In maxillofacial surgery , it is recommended to remove wisdom teeth in cases where they are impacted by lack of space on the back of the mouth, when they go in the wrong angle to the other molars and / or if they cause pain to the patient or hygiene problems.
The extraction is performed by an operation in which local anesthesia or conscious sedation. Were removed and the bone tissue to extract the tooth. Sometimes fragment it to remove cleanly, it is necessary. It is customary to place stitches in the wound.
Postoperatively, the area swells, bruises appear in the skin around the jaw and there is difficulty and pain when opening the mouth completely. These symptoms usually last for seven to ten days, depending on the person.
It is important to note patterns surgeon and taking the medication prescribed. For 24 hours, the patient has to apply ice around the jaw and avoided smoking and drinking foods difficult to chew.