Genetic analysis, lead fight against cancer

Written by: Dra. Judith Balmaña Gelpi
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Through a genetic analysis of blood can detect hereditary risk of developing cancer. The test determines whether people are carriers of a genetic alteration associated with this disease may, if so, take preventive measures or early detection.

In most cases where the cancer is not hereditary. The fact that there are several precedents in a family does not mean that there is a hereditary cause. Just suspect if one or more of these cases:• Three or more first-degree relatives (parents, children and siblings) or second degree (grandparents and uncles) diagnosed with cancers of the same organ or associated organs: breast and ovarian cancer; or colon and uterus.• Two or more first- or second-degree diagnosed with cancer at a younger age than usual. For example, breast cancer before age 40, colon cancer before age 50 or prostate cancer before age 60.• When cancer affects two organs of a person bilaterally. For example, both breasts or both kidneys.• When there is a related syndrome in the family with an inherited predisposition to cancer. For example, Lynch syndrome or familial adenomatous polyposis.

When any of these conditions is met, you can be performed genetic analysis and find out what people are carriers of the family and what people are free from it. If you have the genetic alteration are informed of the measures of prevention and early diagnosis that can be taken, the probability of transmission to offspring and if they want to have children, not to transmit options. When a family no alteration is detected, they advise them based on their family medical history, personal and.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dra. Judith Balmaña Gelpi

By Dra. Judith Balmaña Gelpi
Medical Oncology

Featured oncology specialist prevention and treatment of cancer, formed during two years in the high-risk unit and prevention of cancer of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston ( USA). Responsible for Family Cancer Unit at the Vall d\' Hebron Hospital in Barcelona, is also Director of the Unit for Early Detection and Prevention of Cancer Institute of Oncologico Baselga Chiron Hospital. Part of numerous associations of national and international specialty, and since 2008 is professor of module"Cancer and Genetics"Master of Genetic Counseling Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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