Bruxism is the action to exert pressure between the teeth and make them slide causing problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and wear of the suBruxism is the action to exert pressure between the teeth and make them slide causing problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and wear of the surface of the teeth. The main causes of bruxism are stress, body and closing the mouth position, sleeping habits or the patient's ability to relax. Bruxism evaluation should be done with this in count in the field of dentistry and otolaryngology, since it can cause hearing disorders such as ear infections. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent tooth decay and reduce teeth grinding full. To relieve pain you can apply ice, avoid eating hard foods like nuts, candy or steaks, drink lots of water, sleep and reduce stress. The damage of the teeth, mouth prosthesis often called splints or appliances apply.
Cosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments fCosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments for aesthetic purposes are oral hygiene, enamel micro-abrasion, aesthetic contouring, dental blanquamiento, restorative treatment, orthodontic and periodontal treatment. Thanks to constant technological advances, techniques and machinery to provide the patient oral aesthetics are becoming more sophisticated.
A dental prosthesis or denture is a device that seeks to replace lost teeth. Thanks to these chewing, swallowing, speech and dental aesthetics is restA dental prosthesis or denture is a device that seeks to replace lost teeth. Thanks to these chewing, swallowing, speech and dental aesthetics is restored. There are two types:
- Fixed dental prostheses: crowns or veneers that are placed over the tooth.
- Removable dental prosthesis: transmit force to the teeth, gums and bone. Require special care and maintenance adaptation. Ation against daily care and cleaning, to prevent further consequences.
Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats the diseases of the gums and the bone that holds the teeth. The most common diseases are gingivitiPeriodontics is the branch of dentistry that treats the diseases of the gums and the bone that holds the teeth. The most common diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis. The first is one that affects the gums, the soft tissues that protect the teeth. The second, more complex, is the one that causes infections in the bone that holds the teeth and other tissues such as the periodontal ligament and the root cement.
The implant prosthesis are implant prosthesis, that is, prostheses are fastened in dental implants. Implantosoportda to wear a prosthesis, the patient must undergo prior to surgery. This type of prosthesis can be fixed or removable.
The dental splint is a device created by a dentist covering teeth to keep them from moving or rubbing, among other finaliades as:
Splint whitening: Teeth whitening
Orthodontic splint: prevents tooth movement after use of apparatus
Periodontal splint: prevent teeth from moving after periodontal treatment.
Bite splint: to change the patient's occlusion or bruxism
The abscess or abscess is an accumulation of pus caused by bacterial infection of the root of a tooth. The origin of the abscess or phlegmon may be different: in a cavity, which has infected inside the tooth, the nerve root and even bone; or periodontal disease has caused the movement of the teeth. The most common symptoms that produces an abscess include pain in the affected area difficult chewing, tooth sensitivity, bitter taste, bad breath, fever and swollen glands in the neck, among others. Abscess treatment is antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and mouth rinses with warm water and salt. If this therapy does not work, the dentist will make an incision to treat the infected nerve and place a filling or a crown over the tooth to prevent fracturing.
What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types of forces with appliances. Orthodontics is indicated for cases of crowding of teeth or when the bad position of the teeth prevents proper cleaning, which increases the risk of diseases such as caries or periodontitis. Therefore, orthodontics aims to contribute to the welfare of the patient, improving the function and aesthetics of their teeth.
The devices used can be fixed (bands and brackets) or removable, allowing the patient to remove them from the mouth during oral hygiene and during meals. Orthodontics is a technique applicable both in children and adults, although the advantage of orthodontics in children over orthodontics in adults is that it allows more effective results because it can be applied during the development of bone structures.
Advantages that orthodontics provides in adults
There are many adults with teeth that are misaligned or with dental malocclusion, which can lead to wear of the teeth and problems in the jaw. The cause can be hereditary or due to a bad position in the exit or eruption of the teeth in childhood.
At this stage the bones no longer grow, there may be a loss of the teeth or even the bone that supports them. This can be corrected with procedures such as brackets or elastic devices that allow correction of the denture in the precise direction. Although sometimes these treatments are not effective and surgery is necessary, through which the bones are well placed, since the patient has overcome the growth stage to be able to modify them. Afterwards, orthodontics can be used to achieve a stable occlusion and aligned teeth.
Among the most requested procedures is Invisalign
Types of orthodontics in adults
Among the types of orthodontics are procedures such as:
- Invisalign: is a type of invisible orthodontics that is more comfortable and hygienic.
- Lingual orthodontics: they are fine and personalized brackets for each tooth, placed on the inside, so they are also invisible.
- Sapphire brackets: they are the conventional brackets although they are made with the color of the teeth, being little visible.
- Metallic brackets: they are the conventional ones. They are usually more indicated in children, although they can also be effective in adults.
How to choose what type of orthodontics is most appropriate in an adult
The decision on which procedure to appeal should be taken together with the orthodontic specialist, since each patient needs an individualized treatment according to their needs.
Dental brackets is a type of orthodontic help correct positioning of the teeth. They can be single or multiple pieces. In the first case it is rigid and is generally manufactured through injection by mold. Thanks to the latest advances brackets are different types: metal (traditional), self-ligating, transparent (ceramic) or gold. Metal are formed of high-grade stainless steel and are accompanied by metal arches and elastic that help to lower or bonding of teeth. The only difference offered by self-ligating is not accurate elastics, allowing less friction on the tooth and fewer visits to the specialist; but a clip that helps the metal arc guide the teeth into position is used. Ceramic although more aesthetic, but require more attention to hygiene standards, as they are more fragile than metal brackets. Finally, the brackets are also gold stainless steel, but are coated with gold. ...
This type of dental caps are made to fit the patient's teeth, and are made of a resin that perfectly blends with the teeth and enamel, and also adapts to them and to the surrounding tissues. The process of placing composite veneers is similar to dental fillings, only the front teeth need a more precise finish, and its placement technique is more accurate.
Tooth decay is a disease that affects the tissues of the teeth, which are destroyed because of the acids plaque. The teeth affected are drilled gradually, causing pain when the infection reaches the nerve. People who are often most affected are children and young people, but can occur at any age.
The dental crown is a kind of tailor-made prosthesis that covers the entire deteriorated, aiming to restore function and aesthetics of the piece natural tooth. These dental caps are indicated in decayed teeth or injury that can not be repaired. They are made of metal, ceramic or porcelain fused to metal.
Guided surgery is the technique of computer aid for the placement of dental implants. It is a novel treatment that allows the dentist to simulate the operation before carrying it out. Professional scans the jaw of the individual, enters the data into the computer and get a three-dimensional image of the jaw that lets you play, virtually and with utmost precision, where to place the implant. In addition, the dentist can create a guide with information on the operation to drill the gum without having to open it, which will help you avoid any major damage and seize the bone structure available, without having to resort to grafting. The advantage is that the guided surgery is minimally invasive and reduces the operation time and recovery. Sometimes, it is even possible to design the prosthesis from the scan, so it can be placed in the same operation that implants.
A dental implant is an artificial fixing piece in the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. To implement it, the dentist should stick a titanium screw into the jawbone, on which after a prosthetic crown (artificial tooth) is placed. This surgery can be classified into various types, according to the phases in which it is carried out: immediate dental implants, when the implant is placed immediately after tooth extraction to shortening the rehabilitation time and avoiding a second surgery; Recent dental implants, when between extraction and implant elapse between six and eight weeks; delayed implantation, when the dentist makes a regeneration of bone first, then wait for the implant about six months; and mature dental implants, if it has been more than nine months between the two phases.
What is a dental implant maintenance?
The care of dental implants is essential for its proper functioning. If they are not properly fixed as they are natural teeth can develop gum inflammation, infections and loss of bone mass. In addition to the periodontal disease of implants, known as periimplantitis, in which inflammation and infection occurs around. The maintenance of dental implants is the set of care that should be followed by a patient who has been fitted with prostheses on dental implants.
The maintenance begins the same day of the placement of the definitive prostheses, by means of a control to supervise that there is a perfect balance between the teeth of the upper and lower jaw so that the implants are not forced by certain movements of the mouth.
The new teeth do not suffer decay but the gum itself could be infected by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Therefore, the patient should brush his teeth between two and three times a day, use dental floss, rinse his mouth with antibacterial liquids, undergo regular professional checkups and cleanings and avoid tobacco.
Brushing is one of the key points to follow a good maintenance of dental implants
Recommendations for proper maintenance of dental implants
The first essential recommendation is to go to the dentist annually, since the new teeth do not suffer decay but the gum itself could be infected by the accumulation of plaque and tartar. Therefore, the patient should brush his teeth between two and three times a day, use dental floss, rinse his mouth with antibacterial liquids, undergo regular professional checkups and cleanings and avoid tobacco.
What will be the revisions made by the specialist?
It is essential that the specialist perform periodic x-rays to verify that the level of bone around the implants is adequate. In addition, you should also evaluate the state of the dental restorations around the implant, to verify that they are safe and work properly.
What are zygomatic implants?
Zygomatic implants are those that are placed in the bone of the cheekbone in patients who suffer atrophy in the jawbone, that is, a severe loss of this. They allow good results in terms of function and aesthetics.
How is the intervention developed?
The procedure consists of two parts; In the first of these, a provisional dental prosthesis is placed and, in the second, the definitive prosthesis is placed. The technique is developed so that the implant is inserted into the zygoma or bone of the cheekbone, without the need for bone grafts and always carried out by a specialist in dentistry. Recovery takes between 24 and 48 hours.
Zygomatic implants are ideal for patients with absence of maxillary bone
For what type of patients are they indicated?
It is an appropriate procedure for those patients who suffer a partial or total loss of the maxillary bone, who have lost their teeth at an early age or who have worn dentures for a long period of time and this has affected their facial bone structure. In addition, it is also indicated for patients who have previously suffered periodontal diseases.
Results of zygomatic implants
With these fixed implants, both the ability to chew and the facial aesthetics that is lost with the lack of teeth or maxillary bone are recovered. The process is faster because it does not require osseointegration of the affected area or hospital admission. On the other hand, the post-operative is much more favorable for the patient because the discomfort that you will notice after the intervention will be minimal, thus being able to lead a totally normal daily life. Its success is also greater because the prosthesis that is placed is fixed and is not affected by the loss of teeth or by periodontal diseases.
The root canal is a treatment which involves cutting deep in the tooth when the area is damaged. The therapy is indicated when there is a widespread dental decay or fracture that caused an inflammation or death of the dental pulp. The aim of endodontics is maintaining healthy tooth to be useful for chewing, avoiding having to extract the tooth. The technique involves removing the nerve, clean the root canal and then seal it with a thermoplastic material (gutta percha) and cement or other sealing material. Subsequently, various radiographs are necessary to ensure the accuracy of the result. The term root canal is also used as a synonym for Endodontology, a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the dental pulp.
Fixed dental prostheses are applied with pieces ranging cement or screws on the tooth structure. One of its main advantages is that it need not be removed from the mouth, giving the patient function and aesthetics. They have the size, shape and color of natural teeth. The patient quickly get used to them, they require the same care as natural teeth. Can I be metallo-ceramic or metal-free, zirconium. Besides applied for aesthetic reasons, fixed prostheses are used in order to regain the ability to chew.
Gingivitis is an inflammation or infection of the gums caused by the accumulation of tartar and plaque on the tissues of the mouth. It can be caused by injury to the gums, poor oral hygiene, misaligned teeth, hormonal changes (such as pregnancy or menstruation), or other diseases. The most obvious symptom of this disease is bleeding gums, but also produces sensitivity, red appearance, mouth sore, receding gums or bad breath. Treatment of gingivitis is a complete dental cleaning to reduce inflammation, which must be accompanied by proper brushing and flossing. If gingivitis is not treated properly it can lead to periodontitis, known as periodontal disease or pyorrhea which causes inflammation of the gums extends to the ligaments and bones that hold the teeth and, therefore, the teeth become loose or even fall. The treatment of periodontitis may include surgery to remove the gum infection and rebuild tooth brackets.
Halitosis is bad breath or bad breath. The causes of this disorder may be oral (Problems with teeth, gums, saliva, tongue ...) or extra-oral (respiratory disorders, digestive disorders or organic or consumption of snuff and alcohol). Normally, halitosis originates in the mouth, as a result of bacterial decomposition of food waste. Treatment may involve: removing tartar or plaque, or extraction of teeth with caries, flossing and antiseptic fluorine, applying a brushed three times a day, avoid snuff, alcohol and coffee. .. Halitosis can affect people psychologically affected, as they may have problems in their family and social life.
The teeth included are those who keep erupting in the mouth, ie, remaining inside the bone part or in full. Usually it refers to wisdom teeth, also called third molars, which are between 17 and 25 years old. Its appearance can cause severe discomfort and infection, so in most cases surgery is required. Wisdom teeth are easier to remove when the patient is young, because their roots are not fully formed and there is less risk of damage to nerves or other nearby structures. No need to wait for the wisdom teeth are troublesome to carry out extraction, since their early exit promotes better results. The operation is performed under local anesthesia, intravenous sedation or general anesthesia, as recommended by the oral or maxillofacial surgeon.
The oral medicine is the part of dentistry responsible for diagnosing and treating diseases originating in the mouth (called primary) and general diseases affecting this area (known as secondary), affecting structures of the oral cavity or adjacent. The oral drug is not merely the inspection of teeth but checks tongue, palate, lips, cheeks and floor of the mouth in order to detect both benign and malignant diseases is important to treat in time. The conditions can be diagnosed with an intraoral and extraoral visual examination of the mouth and through additional tests such as x-rays, biopsies, cultures, blood tests and microbiological tests. Also, a good diagnosis must take into account the patient's history. Treatment depends on the type of disease, but may include the administration of drugs or surgery, either to repair the damage or to remove the lesion.
Oral surgery is the set of surgical interventions in the mouth. One of the most frequent is applied to extract wisdom teeth, which is indicated mainly when in pain. Surgery to remove wisdom teeth is also recommended if there is infection, cyst or no space for all the teeth in the jaw. Other interventions for oral surgery are complex tooth extractions extirpation of jaw cysts, biopsies, removal of tooth roots within the bone, or implant surgery and prosthetics braces, recommended for children who have limited mobility lips and tongue be too large because the membrane holding the tongue at the bottom.
The orofacial pain is discomfort caused by mouth and face injuries. These impulses are sent to the brain via the trigeminal nerve. The pain may be mucosal, dental or chewing, depending on the source where it is produced. The mucous orofacil pain usually caused by snuff, alcohol or dentures, dental decay originates and chewing, more common in women, is related to bruxism, joint injuries and loss of teeth.
Orthognathic surgery is surgery to correct the position of the maxilla and mandible. The objective of this procedure is to get a good fit of these two bones to improve jaw function and aesthetics of the face. This surgery is indicated for patients with dental malocclusion that can not be treated only with orthodontics. The types of corrective surgery are: mandibular advancement, when the lower teeth and chin are lagging behind the rest of the face; closing the open bite, when the upper and lower teeth do not contact to shut up and leave a space; and jaw asymmetry, when the chin and teeth deviate sideways. To find out which treatment is most appropriate, a study is carried out in three dimensions with x rays. The images allow to know what area should be operated and perform process simulation. Before the intervention, the individual must bear fixtures for a while so that the teeth fit together when the jaws have been put in place with the intervention.
What is periodontal maintenance?
Periodontal maintenance is the period after periodontal surgery due to periodontitis or pyorrhea. This stage of the treatment of the disease is important, among other things, to prevent the fall of the teeth or to keep as many of them. Periodontal maintenance consists of periodic visits to the dentist (about three times a year) to have a total disinfection of the mouth with the aim of eliminating plaque or tartar starts, since the bacteria that have caused periodontitis can cause new damages in the gums.
How is periodontal maintenance carried out?
At check-ups the dentist examines the condition of the gums and the evolution of the disease. In any case, it will recommend a customized periodontal maintenance plan to each patient.
Periodontal maintenance is essential to prevent oral diseases
Why is it recommended to perform periodontal maintenance?
Specialists in dentistry recommend that patients follow periodontal maintenance to prevent tooth loss. It is a procedure that can be followed by those patients who have suffered a pathology such as periodontitis and pyorrhea as well as those who do not, as it is the removal of plaque or tartar, which is a good method of prevention for possible oral diseases .
What follow-up should the patient do without consultation?
It is also recommended that patients, even if they visit the dentist at least three times a year, follow a series of guidelines in particular so that the treatment is effective and thus avoid the development of pathologies. The essential guideline is to comply with good dental hygiene, that is, brush your teeth after each meal and avoid those foods with a large amount of sugar, as they can damage the teeth.
It is indicated surgery to correct defects of soft gum tissue surrounding the tooth. During this surgery, it may be necessary to gingival grafts, connective subepithelial grafts, graft and membrane combinations ... The success of these treatments also requires a good prior diagnósitco. And, of course, the abandonment of harmful habits such as smoking. ...
Periodontal surgery is the technique used to treat mouth tissues affected by periodontal disease or pyorrhea, a chronic bacterial infection that attacks the gums, ligament and bone surrounding the teeth. Periodontal surgery allows the dentist to clean contaminated tissues, smooth surfaces of the tooth roots and remove damaged bags infection. Periodontal surgery can replace or rebuild damaged structures using similar materials to transplant the bone and gum tissue lost. In this way, you can get your gums back to stick to the base of the teeth. Surgery should be accompanied by a periodontal maintenance after as an adjunct.
Periodontitis, known as periodontal disease or pyorrhea is when inflammation spreads from the gums to the ligaments and bones that hold the teeth and, therefore, the teeth become loose or fall out. The treatment of periodontitis may include surgery to remove the gum infection and rebuild tooth brackets.
Removable dentures are those that the patient can get on and off, especially after meals for proper hygiene herself and her own teeth. They may be single resin or metal with resin, partial or complete.
- Partial dentures lead retainers, usually metal, which prevent movement thereof during mastication, gestures or speech.
- Complete dentures are those in which the patient lost all parts of one or both arches. They are a real challenge, as they have often retention problems, requiring the patient by using adhesive powders or creams. Depending on the remaining support structures, have varying subject. By design, they can be extremely aesthetic, since you can play very naturally a denture itself.
Sleep apnea is the cessation of breathing that occurs moments after falling asleep and loud snoring preceded by at least 10 seconds. If this process is repeated 5 times per hour of sleep we will face the Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstruction of breathing leads to lower oxygen levels in the body that makes it difficult for the person to have a restful sleep and show signs of fatigue in the morning. Moreover, the persistence of this lack of oxygen could cause pulmonary hypertension and heart failure future right or myocarditis, making it convenient to catch it early and make appropriate tests for safe diagnosis. Therefore it is conducting a sleep study to establish a treatment that includes changing some habits (diet, alcohol withdrawal, postural changes ...) and prescribing a CPAP, a pressure generator as required nasal mask that keeps the airway obstruction, obliterating snoring and promoting restful sleep. In some cases surgery may be required if there are any lesions in the respiratory tract or when use of the mask is not effective. ...
The smile design (CAD-CAM) is the application of computer technology for the design and manufacture of dentures. The computer controlled dental treatments are also used for diagnosis and implant surgery, making minimally invasive. Using software, the dentist can plan and create dental splints as with better materials. Furthermore, the design of the CAD-CAM smile helps reduce production costs, reduce manufacturing time crowns, veneers or bridges and the number of office visits. The CAD-CAM system consists of three phases: data digitization or scanning of the part to restore computer graphics of the structure of the prosthesis (CAD) and manufacturing by a robot of the same (CAM). In the field of surgery, the technology allows for better planning, simulating the operation and provide the results of the intervention before testing.
Teeth whitening is a cosmetic treatment to remove stains and dirt from the teeth in order to recover a whiter and brighter tone of the pieces. This technique does not cause pain to the patient and can be carried out in three different ways. The first is the in-office bleaching, which usually lasts an hour and whose advantage is to get a color change in a short period of time. To do so, the dentist applies protects the gums and teeth peroxide gel of high concentration, and then may use a special laser light that facilitates the penetration of the gel into the enamel. The second treatment is a professional home kit, in which the patient applies a lower concentration of peroxide gel on the teeth, but remains longer in the tooth, can provide better results. The application of the gel takes place in a splint tailored to the teeth by the dentist. Finally, the third system is the home bleaching, in which the patient purchase a simpler kit containing a gel professional kit lower concentration, and that is applied by a single nozzle size. The success of this treatment depends on the time of use.
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the one that allows people to open and close the mouth to chew, chew, speaking, breathing, yawning or gesture. This joint connects the bones of the skull and face is twofold, ie, one on each side of the head. Performs three types of movement up and down, forward, backward and both sides. The dental malocclusion, orthodontic appliances, stress and bad habits such as clenching or bite objects can alter the function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which occurs when the opening and closing of the mouth is made with lateral deviations. This syndrome can cause pain in the jaw, ears, head, neck, back, plus trouble chewing. TMJ Treatment is aimed at addressing the causes that have caused the disorder and improve symptoms, and may include physical therapy, exercise, medication, relaxation techniques, mouth guards and surgery, although it is rare.
Veneers and crowns are aesthetic solutions for coating damaged teeth. The veneer is a thin sheet made as placed only on the outer surface of the tooth, attached thereto for all through a type of cement imperceptible to the eye. Its aim is to mask tooth color abnormalities or conceal an alteration in their size or shape. Veneers can be of two types: composite veneers or porcelain veneers. For its part, the dental crown is a kind of tailor-made prosthesis that covers the entire deteriorated, aiming to restore function and aesthetics of the piece natural tooth. These dental caps are indicated in decayed teeth or injury that can not be repaired. They are made of metal, ceramic or porcelain fused to metal.
Wisdom tooth is the name by which he is commonly known to the third molar. This ridge usually appears between 16 and 25 years old. Wisdom teeth appear at the back of the mouth. There may be up to four chordal, one for each quadrant mouth. Wisdom teeth usually affect other teeth to grow, pushing and causing severe pain. When this occurs we proceed to the extraction of teeth, it is currently the only remedy for toothache. ...
Source: All information contained on this page as well as office hours available, are provided directly by the doctor who has the ability to update them at all times in order to keep the information as accurate as possible.
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