A tracheostomy is a surgical procedure which involves making a hole in the windpipe through the neck and place a tube to function as airway. This type of surgery is indicated for people with respiratory difficulties caused by foreign bodies obstructing the airways, local injuries (neck or mouth), inherited abnormalities, cancer in the neck or aspiration smoke or corrosive materials. If the tracheostomy is temporary, the tube is removed and the wound heals quickly, but if it is permanent, the hole remains open. The patient may need several days to adapt to breathing through the tube and, at first, will struggle to make sounds and communicate. If the tube is permanent, usually require therapy to learn to talk. In addition, the patient and family must learn to take care of the tracheostomy tube (aspiration and cleaning). After surgery, the patient will take about two weeks to fully recover from surgery.

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