Otitis

Specialty of Otolaringology

 
Otitis media is an inflammation of the ear spaces and, depending on the duration of the disease, is classified into different types: acute, between 1 to 3 weeks; subacute, between 3 to 12 weeks; and chronic when it lasts more than 12 weeks. If the ear infection progresses, the liquid may have otitis (otitis media with effusion and be called) that can contain liquid like water (serous), mucous or pus. The causes of otitis are malfunctioning Eustachian tube, infection of the upper respiratory or allergic problems (allergic otitis). Generally, bacteria and viruses are the cause of ear infection. The most common symptoms of otitis include: earache, fever, irritability, drainage, dizziness and, rarely, facial paralysis. In these cases, antibiotic treatment is sufficient to cure ear infections, although sometimes accompanied by nasal decongestants and mucolytics. In patients with chronic otitis, the most obvious symptom is hearing loss and its treatment will be determined accordingly.

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