1. Avoid manipulation of the ears
The use of cotton swabs, clips to remove ear wax and car washes increase the risk of external ear infections.
2. Do not use ear plugs if it is not necessary
When a plug is applied to the outer ear hole, in addition to being able to injure the skin of the ear canal, the cerumen is inserted towards the bottom of the ear and its ventilation and cleaning are avoided.
3. In case of itching, pain, suppuration or clogging, avoid the entry of water into the ear
The itching of the ear may be due to an eczema or otitis that worsen with the entry of water. Likewise, pain and suppuration are usually due to an infection in the ear, whose first measure of treatment is to prevent the entry of water into the ear.
4. If you have recurrent otitis externa use preventive ear drops
People who suffer infections of the skin of the ear with the entrance of water, in addition to avoiding getting their ears wet, often require the prescription by their otolaryngologist of a few drops to disinfect the ear.
5. Avoid the predisposing factors of middle ear infections
In children with repeated infections in the middle ear, it is advisable to avoid risk factors for the onset of these infections, such as attendance at nurseries, the use of pacifiers and smoking in the child's environment.
6. Use the preventive factors of otitis media
Factors that help prevent middle ear infections include breastfeeding and treating allergies and respiratory infections.
7. Carry out the nasal washes with care
Nasal washes in children are very beneficial to keep the airways in good condition, but in young children should be performed properly to prevent the entry of water through the middle ear. The correct way to do the washing in the nose is with the baby lying on its side and instilling in the hole that is above the liquid without pressure.
8. Identify the existence of respiratory allergies
Allergies cause an increase in secretions and their viscosity, favoring the appearance of otitis media in children. It is advisable to rule out an allergic problem when there is otitis media of repetition.
9. Discard the presence of adenoid pathology
Adenoid vegetations should be studied when a child has repeated infections of the middle ear. The pathology of these consists of recurrent infections (adenoiditis) or excessive growth (adenoid hypertrophy) that must be treated adequately, sometimes through surgical intervention (adenoidectomy).
10. Check that there are no hearing problems
The persistence of mucous in the ear (secretory otitis) or its repetitive infections can lead to hearing problems that sometimes go unnoticed and can become permanent. Therefore, its detection is necessary to carry out an adequate treatment.