Hypercholesterolemia is the presence of blood cholesterol above normal levels. This increase is often associated with heart problems, diet, sex, lifestyle and endogenous synthesis. Thus the concentration of blood cholesterol hereditary and dietary factors involved, along with other related physical activity. We can distinguish two types of hypercholesterolemia. Primary, derived from problems with cholesterol transporters systems and genetic factors, and the secondary, where the increase in cholesterol is associated with certain liver, endocrine and kidney disease.