Symptoms of anxiety can be seen in psychology as an alarm that warns, that is developing a dangerous situation as a result of an imbalance in the sufferer.
That imbalance is related to the idea that patient as're living your life, it's not like you need to live it. You may have been changes in the environment or what so far was no longer valid as well, and resulting in the manifestation of symptoms of anxiety.
Types of anxiety disorders
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Characterized by persistent and widespread concern about common situations of life, accompanied by somatic symptoms of anxiety.
- Panic Disorder: This involves the emergence of crises recurring anxiety and repeatedly spontaneous and unexpected. Crises are usually short-lived and begin abruptly, with greater intensity of symptoms in the first few minutes, and usually subside in less than 1 hour. During the period crisis, the patient suffers from anticipatory anxiety at the prospect of having another crisis.
- Phobic disorders are characterized by irrational and persistent fear of a situation, object, animal or activity which causes intense anxiety in the patient when exposed to it, which makes him develop avoidance behavior. Normally the patient recognizes this fear as disproportionate and unjustified, but claims not to avoid it, which is beyond their strength.
Types of phobias
- Simple Phobia: This is the fear of a particular stimulus, such as an animal phobia, storms, etc ..
- Agoraphobia: Fear of open spaces, public transport, crowds or being away from home.
- Claustrophobia: Fear of confined spaces, such as lifts, cabins, tunnels, etc ..
- Social Phobia: persistent irrational fear of social interaction and an impulsive desire to avoid situations in which the individual may be exposed to the observation of others.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Characterized by persistent, uncontrollable and unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and routines that are performed to try to avoid these thoughts (compulsions).
Causes of anxiety
Anxiety usually occurs at a rate of an event in the patient's life that can awaken fears that have lain dormant in his unconscious.
Then the individual feels that their ability to control impulses is threatened and fears the consequences.
His personality responds to this signal anxiety in an attempt to avoid increasing the unpleasant effects of the hazard. If there has been a situation of external conflict will require adaptation mechanisms appropriate to the conflict situation in order to establish a state of equilibrium.
Symptoms of Anxiety
Very often the person is not aware of the underlying cause of the symptoms. And in many cases and symptoms arise unexpectedly, in the form of anxiety attacks, that scare much the patient.
An example of relationship with others, would be the person who feels he has a good relationship with everyone because it has no conflict with anyone. But really, what can happen is that there is a difficulty to say no, which makes it subject to the will of another and that will generate discomfort and manifests through anxiety symptoms. Another example, this relationship with oneself, the person would experience an internal relationship on demand, which does not allow him to live life, because it is drowned by the obligation. Without being aware of it, it is generated discomfort and anxiety symptoms appear.
From this view, symptoms of anxiety can be a positive thing because it warns passing something that has not wanted to take to be masters of their own lives.
Anxiety symptoms are similar to those of fear. But while fear the cause is known, in anxiety the cause is hidden. Moreover, the fear arises in response to an external threat, while anxiety is associated with an internalized experience.
palpitations, impaired breathing, dizziness, nausea, tremors, sweating, choking, etc.: somatic and psychic manifestations occur. It can also manifest through a state of tension by contractures, cramps, fatigue, headaches, etc.. And, by constricting chest tightness and heart.
Dangerous situations that lead to anxiety and alarm:
- Loss estimation another.
- Fear of failure.
- Fear of censure and criticism of oneself.
If attempts to establish and maintain a dynamic balance, have a total success, signal decreases anxiety. If such attempts are successful only in part, will persist signal anxiety or will soon reappear, through the same symptoms or others.
The person who suffers experiences a fear whose cause unknown, although there is a tendency to try to locate the fear in a specific situation, such as serious illness, insanity or death.
Of course, there are varying degrees of anxiety, from a simple sense of unease, through the constant restlessness, feeling of danger, psychomotor restlessness, to the states of panic and terror.
Treatment for anxiety
To treat anxiety therapist has to understand the relationship of anxiety with the unconscious danger, since the patient will focus on the real threat to its security, so that tranquilizers simple explanations in this regard will produce little effect. Therefore, the patient must come to an emotional understanding of the scene that threatens unconsciously follow it to its origins and to bring awareness to emotional control.
If not treated this way, there is a risk of suffering a symptom stop to replace it with another or to reappear the same, because the cause will not be treated. Psychotherapy involves patient cooperation, which is essential, since there must be a team effort between patient and therapist to analyze the cause that provokes anxiety disorder.
Overall, the results of therapy for anxiety and these disorders, most people who seek professional help are very good.