Living with Epilepsy

Written by: Dr. Carlos Ruiz-Ocaña Montalvo
Published: | Updated: 21/06/2023
Edited by: Marga Marquès

Epilepsy is a disordered response of a group of brain neurons that is characterized by a sudden decrease in the level of consciousness and the existence of seizures. This as a rule, but there are other types of epilepsy less bulky and more complex.


The causes of epilepsy can be several. The most frequent is an alteration of a group of neurons located in what is known as the temporal and deep area of ​​the brain known as mesial sclerosis.. It appears in children or young adults.


The causes of epilepsy can be several


Cranial traumas with cerebral contusion can also cause some type of epilepsy. When it appears in mature age the first cause to rule out is a brain tumor.


Symptoms of epilepsy

Like the causes, the symptoms of epilepsy are very varied. They can be from small absences or lack of attention, which sometimes go almost unnoticed, to loss of knowledge with falling to the floor and convulsions of the extremities. There is then a state known as postcritical, in which the patient is disoriented, does not remember what happened and may even be some loss of strength in the extremities.


Living with epilepsy is the slavery of being aware of taking pills daily , having extensive social, sports and even work limitations and serious risk of driving vehicles. In generalized epilepsies or of great evil there is also the risk of suffering a strong trauma, even at home, due to sudden loss of consciousness and falling to the ground.


Treatment of epilepsy

Before starting a treatment with medication, a very complete neurological study with electroencephalogram , magnetic resonance and even a hospital admission of the patient to make a video of 1 to 3 days to record the crises at the time the electroencephalogram is done.


If you do not see any brain injury that you had to operate and remove the treatment is with medication. However there is a group of patients, close to 10-20%, who do not respond to medication and then the surgical removal of the brain area that causes epilepsy is assessed if it can be done without sequelae.


*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
Dr. Carlos Ruiz-Ocaña Montalvo

By Dr. Carlos Ruiz-Ocaña Montalvo
Neurological Surgery

Dr. Ruiz-Ocaña Montalvo is Doctor "cum laude" from the Complutense University of Madrid and a specialist in neurosurgery since 1979. After obtaining a place by opposition in the department of neurosurgery at the Hospital de la Princesa, maintained a constant and intense activity care, public and private (Group Ruber) at the same time you spent some time getting square Teaching Associate Professor of Neurosurgery at the Complutense University of Madrid. After being hired by the Clinical Hospital of Madrid as Section Head and stay in that position for eight years, he decided to devote himself exclusively to private medicine as Chief of Neurosurgery at the Ruber International Hospital since 2001. He currently combines his clinical work with teaching, He is professor at the European University of Madrid, in addition to hold the post of President of the Spanish Society of Neurosurgery.

Since 2006 he joined the University Hospital of Madrid Chiron exclusive dedication in order to stay in hospital and technical forefront constant innovation.

Although he is an expert in all fields of neurosurgery, it is extremely advanced techniques in spinal surgery, in addition to the cranial base tumors, surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia and epilepsy. In recent years it has developed techniques for column endoscopy and for the treatment of pituitary processes.

His team has brought together a group of experts in child neurosurgery, neuro-oncology and surgical treatment of epilepsy, while in the background his human qualities.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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