Sometimes the lack of bone in the jaws may involve problems for those who implant or any other type of treatment applied wish. In such cases the solution is surgery dental bone graft.
How is a dental bone graft done? What techniques are applied?
It should be emphasized that to speak of grafts, living cells must be placed in the receiving area, otherwise we would be talking of a biomaterial implant. Therefore, it is usual to obtain bone graft during the same surgical procedure.
The donor site can be intraoral or extraoral, and in more complicated cases can take your own blood supply by suturing blood vessels in the receiving area. rigid fixation supplemented with biomaterials to facilitate new bone formation, the graft will then replaced by new cells is required.
Do I run a graft is painful? What anesthesia required?
For intraoral grafts nature, local anesthesia is usually sufficient. Sometimes professionals in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery complement intervention with sedation for patient comfort.
For extraoral grafts, however, there are instances where general anesthesia is required. Postoperatively of both procedures is comfortable with the use of common analgesics and anti - inflammatories.
What type of patients targeted by the graft? What are the benefits?
Thanks to the grafts, it is possible to restore volume and structure to patients who have lost bone atrophy due to lack of teeth. Also for patients who have suffered a tumor or cyst in the jaws, which have birth defects or diseases that have caused a lack of bone volume to apply conventional treatments.
What care should have the patient once the grafting?
It is very important that the implant is fixed and does not receive charges until after stopping treatment altogether. This implies, therefore, not able to chew over them.
Oral hygiene should be frequent and careful, and avoid the snuff. In fact in relation to smoking, it must take into account that this favors the reduction of blood flow in the implanted areas. Also it alters the characteristics of the oral mucosa and slows the healing. All this entails a worsening postoperative and conservation of implants as well as the condition of the jar in general.
Do grafts may involve some risk?
Like any surgery, grafts have risks are minimized with good planning and technical. One should not forget that in addition, there is a donor area that can also be affected.
The success rate of implants is somewhat lower than that obtained with the native bone. In some donor sites can be high resorption of the graft that make it hard implant placement.
Edited by Roser OBERLAND UBASOS