Dra. María González Orta is an orthodontist with preferential dedication to conservative dentistry and orthodontics. He has extensive knowledge about the Mucogingival surgery because of its copmleta training.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection
What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types ofWhat is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that corrects the bad position of the bones and teeth by applying different types of forces with appliances. Orthodontics is indicated for cases of crowding of teeth or when the bad position of the teeth prevents proper cleaning, which increases the risk of diseases such as caries or periodontitis. Therefore, orthodontics aims to contribute to the welfare of the patient, improving the function and aesthetics of their teeth.
The devices used can be fixed (bands and brackets) or removable, allowing the patient to remove them from the mouth during oral hygiene and during meals. Orthodontics is a technique applicable both in children and adults, although the advantage of orthodontics in children over orthodontics in adults is that it allows more effective results because it can be applied during the development of bone structures.
Advantages that orthodontics provides in adults
There are many adults with teeth that are misaligned or with dental malocclusion, which can lead to wear of the teeth and problems in the jaw. The cause can be hereditary or due to a bad position in the exit or eruption of the teeth in childhood.
At this stage the bones no longer grow, there may be a loss of the teeth or even the bone that supports them. This can be corrected with procedures such as brackets or elastic devices that allow correction of the denture in the precise direction. Although sometimes these treatments are not effective and surgery is necessary, through which the bones are well placed, since the patient has overcome the growth stage to be able to modify them. Afterwards, orthodontics can be used to achieve a stable occlusion and aligned teeth.
Among the most requested procedures is Invisalign
Types of orthodontics in adults
Among the types of orthodontics are procedures such as:
- Invisalign: is a type of invisible orthodontics that is more comfortable and hygienic.
- Lingual orthodontics: they are fine and personalized brackets for each tooth, placed on the inside, so they are also invisible.
- Sapphire brackets: they are the conventional brackets although they are made with the color of the teeth, being little visible.
- Metallic brackets: they are the conventional ones. They are usually more indicated in children, although they can also be effective in adults.
How to choose what type of orthodontics is most appropriate in an adult
The decision on which procedure to appeal should be taken together with the orthodontic specialist, since each patient needs an individualized treatment according to their needs.
Cosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments fCosmetic dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry that deals with the health and aesthetic harmony of the whole mouth. The most common treatments for aesthetic purposes are oral hygiene, enamel micro-abrasion, aesthetic contouring, dental blanquamiento, restorative treatment, orthodontic and periodontal treatment. Thanks to constant technological advances, techniques and machinery to provide the patient oral aesthetics are becoming more sophisticated.
The children's dentistry is the area of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and dental care for children. The first aim The children's dentistry is the area of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and dental care for children. The first aim of this specialty is the parents of the importance of teaching and help their children maintain good oral hygiene by brushing teeth awareness, and take them to the dentist regularly, while showing no discomfort. Acquire from childhood oral hygiene habits reduce your chances of getting cavities, gingivitis or periodontitis. In addition, early diagnosis of any condition and treatment will help in the future, to have a better oral development. Controlling the oral health of children is important, since the mouth plays a critical role in nutrition, phonetics and aesthetics of the people. In children, the most common problems are caries and malocclusion of the teeth that are treated by restorative and orthodontic techniques (devices), respectively. ...
The child's orthodontic correction of bones and teeth misplaced by removable fixtures (brackets) or. During childhood, orthodontics is more effective The child's orthodontic correction of bones and teeth misplaced by removable fixtures (brackets) or. During childhood, orthodontics is more effective because the bony structures are still developing. Thus, it is easier to detect and correct any problems with the jawbone early. Last childhood, bony structures of the face may be amended only with orthognathic surgery, for which you can make a combined surgical orthodontic treatment. This treatment is used in adults only in the total growth of the jaw has been completed. Prior to surgery, the patient must bear fixtures for a while so that the teeth fit together when the jaws have been put in place with the intervention. The operation is performed in a hospital and involves moving the upper and lower jaws as required by the case.
Bruxism is the action to exert pressure between the teeth and make them slide causing problems in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and wear of the surface of the teeth. The main causes of bruxism are stress, body and closing the mouth position, sleeping habits or the patient's ability to relax. Bruxism evaluation should be done with this in count in the field of dentistry and otolaryngology, since it can cause hearing disorders such as ear infections. The goal of treatment is to reduce pain, prevent tooth decay and reduce teeth grinding full. To relieve pain you can apply ice, avoid eating hard foods like nuts, candy or steaks, drink lots of water, sleep and reduce stress. The damage of the teeth, mouth prosthesis often called splints or appliances apply.
Tooth decay is a disease that affects the tissues of the teeth, which are destroyed because of the acids plaque. The teeth affected are drilled gradually, causing pain when the infection reaches the nerve. People who are often most affected are children and young people, but can occur at any age.
The root canal is a treatment which involves cutting deep in the tooth when the area is damaged. The therapy is indicated when there is a widespread dental decay or fracture that caused an inflammation or death of the dental pulp. The aim of endodontics is maintaining healthy tooth to be useful for chewing, avoiding having to extract the tooth. The technique involves removing the nerve, clean the root canal and then seal it with a thermoplastic material (gutta percha) and cement or other sealing material. Subsequently, various radiographs are necessary to ensure the accuracy of the result. The term root canal is also used as a synonym for Endodontology, a branch of dentistry that deals with diseases of the dental pulp.
What is invisible orthodontics?
The invisible orthodontics is the correction of the position of the bones and teeth by devices that are not visible to the eye. In this technique the fixed devices (brackets) are placed on the inside of the teeth, while in the conventional they are located on the external side. With this treatment the same results are obtained but with a higher cost and a longer period of time.
Currently, the invisible orthodontics has developed another technique that consists of transparent removable splints that are located on the outside of the teeth and that are practically imperceptible to the eye. They are made to measure and with a resistant plastic material (polycarbonate). The treatment time is usually similar to the conventional technique.
The two main types of invisible orthodontics are Invisalign and lingual orthodontics
Types of invisible orthodontics
Among the types of invisible orthodontics are two main types:
- Lingual orthodontics: it is similar to conventional orthodontics, although the brackets are less thick and are placed on the inside of the teeth, so that they are imperceptible to the outside. They are also custom designed according to the dental structure of each patient using a 3D computer program.
- Invisalign: this is an innovative treatment that consists of custom fabrication of a transparent splint in which accessories are placed internally to control the displacement of the teeth towards the required position. The splint is made of plastic materials and is changed every two weeks, according to the specialist's instructions. Apart from being invisible, another advantage is that it is completely removable, so the patient can remove the prosthesis whenever necessary.
Advantages and disadvantages of invisible orthodontic types
All techniques are effective, although it is true that there are differences between them. Invisalign is a procedure in which no wires or brackets are used, so that ulcerations and discomfort associated with this type of orthodontics are avoided. In addition, it is removable, so it is much more comfortable for the patient to be able to remove the prosthesis to eat and brush their teeth, which is an advantage to follow a good maintenance of oral hygiene.
On the other hand, the lingual orthodontic system is not removable, although it avoids the damages that conventional orthodontic appliances can cause, such as decalcification and staining. In addition, the lingual treatment is totally invisible.
It is indicated surgery to correct defects of soft gum tissue surrounding the tooth. During this surgery, it may be necessary to gingival grafts, connective subepithelial grafts, graft and membrane combinations ... The success of these treatments also requires a good prior diagnósitco. And, of course, the abandonment of harmful habits such as smoking. ...
Source: All information contained on this page as well as office hours available, are provided directly by the doctor who has the ability to update them at all times in order to keep the information as accurate as possible.
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