Gallbladder surgery the surgical procedure is performed to remove the gallbladder, an organ located in the bottom serving liver and bile reserve.
Gallbladder surgery the surgical procedure is performed to remove the gallbladder, an organ located in the bottom serving liver and bile reserve. Removal is indicated when the patient has pain or symptoms caused by the formation of calculi (stones) in the gallbladder. Gallbladder operation can be minimally invasive or open. In the first case, the surgeon will make three or four incisions in the abdomen and one of the holes, insert a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube connected to a camera that allows the inside of the cavity) and other instruments for the procedure. Then also gas with a needle inserted to expand the abdomen and cut the bile duct and blood vessels that lead to the gallbladder. Finally, it will remove the organ. When the disease is more severe or there are complications during gallbladder surgery, it performed an open operation. This involves making a small cut in the abdomen to open it and remove the gallbladder through the incision.
Liver surgery is the set of surgical procedures performed to treat different problems that can affect this organ. The liver may suffer from hepatitis Liver surgery is the set of surgical procedures performed to treat different problems that can affect this organ. The liver may suffer from hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, cirrhosis, hereditary, autoimmune or infectious disease or cancer. To address these conditions, the surgical procedure is used hepatectomy, which involves removal of all or part of the liver for transplantation or for treating tumor diseases. The surgeon removes the diseased organ and replace it with a healthy one from a deceased donor liver or a portion of a living donor. The patient must take medication the rest of his life to prevent his body from rejecting the new organ. This operation is performed with a liver incision in the abdomen and can last up to twelve hours. When liver removal affects only part of it, the procedure is known as Segmentectomy, which is removal of one or more segments of the organ. This technique can be performed by laparoscopy (minimally invasive surgery) which requires entering through small incisions in the abdominal skin a thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) and other tools to perform surgery.
Pancreas surgery is the set of surgical procedures are performed to treat acute or chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer. In the latter case,
Pancreas surgery is the set of surgical procedures are performed to treat acute or chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer. In the latter case, there are different surgical procedures: Whipple operation, total pancreatectomy, distal pancreatectomy and biliary diversion. Whipple surgery involves removal of the head of the pancreas, part of the small intestine and some surrounding tissue. The surgeon leaves a small part of the pancreas to continue to produce digestive juices and insulin. Total pancreatectomy involves removing the entire pancreas, small intestine, stomach, bile duct, gallbladder, spleen and most of the lymph nodes in the region. For its part, the distal pancreatectomy involves removing the body and tail of the pancreas. Biliary diversion is done if the cancer is blocking the small intestine and bile builds up in the gallbladder. In this case, the bile duct is cut and attached to the bowel, but can also solve the problem by placing a catheter to drain bile. As for treatment for acute or chronic pancreatitis, intervention, called cholecystectomy, is removed by laparoscopy (small incisions in the abdomen) gallbladder by an accumulation of calculi (stones).
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