Liver surgery


Specialty of Surgery

Liver surgery is the set of surgical procedures performed to treat different problems that can affect this organ. The liver may suffer from hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, cirrhosis, hereditary, autoimmune or infectious disease or cancer. To address these conditions, the surgical procedure is used hepatectomy, which involves removal of all or part of the liver for transplantation or for treating tumor diseases. The surgeon removes the diseased organ and replace it with a healthy one from a deceased donor liver or a portion of a living donor. The patient must take medication the rest of his life to prevent his body from rejecting the new organ. This operation is performed with a liver incision in the abdomen and can last up to twelve hours. When liver removal affects only part of it, the procedure is known as Segmentectomy, which is removal of one or more segments of the organ. This technique can be performed by laparoscopy (minimally invasive surgery) which requires entering through small incisions in the abdominal skin a thin tube with a camera (laparoscope) and other tools to perform surgery.

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