Gallbladder surgery the surgical procedure is performed to remove the gallbladder, an organ located in the bottom serving liver and bile reserve. Removal is indicated when the patient has pain or symptoms caused by the formation of calculi (stones) in the gallbladder. Gallbladder operation can be minimally invasive or open. In the first case, the surgeon will make three or four incisions in the abdomen and one of the holes, insert a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube connected to a camera that allows the inside of the cavity) and other instruments for the procedure. Then also gas with a needle inserted to expand the abdomen and cut the bile duct and blood vessels that lead to the gallbladder. Finally, it will remove the organ. When the disease is more severe or there are complications during gallbladder surgery, it performed an open operation. This involves making a small cut in the abdomen to open it and remove the gallbladder through the incision.