The carpal tunnel or channel is a connection zone on the anterior face of the wrist, crossed by many tendons. When this tunnel is reduced for any reason, the pressure inside and the median nerve (which runs from the forearm to the hand) it is also compressed. This causes what is known as carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral neuropathy caused by performing repetitive hand and wrist movements. Patients with this disease suffer from pain in the wrist and forearm, feeling of numbness, cramps and tingling in the thumb and index fingers especially. This syndrome should be treated by surgery carpal tunnel to avoid the appearance of weakness and atrophy in some muscles of the hand and clumsiness in handling objects. The carpal tunnel surgery is to release the nerve and is performed both open or conventional manner, as by endoscopy. The pain after surgery disappears in a few days and the other symptoms are decreasing in the short term, depending on the severity of the injury. In addition, rehabilitation after carpal tunnel surgery is necessary, by performing specific exercises of hand movements or physiotherapy.