Arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis is the most common disease of the arteries. Is a hardening, thickening and loss of elasticity of arteries. Several factors may be involved in the etiology of atherosclerosis are known, such as: pathologies such as cholesterol or blood pressure; factors related to sex, heredity, ethnic, snuff consumption, sedentary lifestyle, stress nerve…All these factors seem to play a very important role in the appearance of this pathology. The clinic will depend on the affected vascular territory and manifest themselves with symptoms of the affected organ. In addition, treatment is aimed at guiding people with a family history to control what risk factors soon as possible, insisting that they follow a proper diet, regular physical activity performed, and in the event that these measures were not enough, would require medical treatment.