For minimally invasive spine surgery we refer to the use of surgical techniques to minimize tissue manipulation for the same conventional open surgery clinical results.
It is important to note that the spine is an unstable structure that depends on other elements such as muscles and ligaments for proper operation. In this regard, when performing minimally damaging approach these tissues is much less postoperative pain, faster recovery and return to daily activities is achieved before.
Why it is not always offered if it is so good?
Basically, because it requires the knowledge of a new technique and a new technology. Many specialists in Neurosurgery who have achieved excellent results with conventional techniques do not think it necessary to change their habits, as they have a great experience.
Moreover, many specialists consider these techniques as a simple product marketing, simply because we do not know, and too often used as bait by professionals who do not perform. It is therefore important to be sure that the surgeon who offers these techniques has experience in them and routinely performed.
Advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery
- Better recovery and faster return to normal activities.
- Often it allows not having to place prosthesis (screws or plates) unless by damaging the structural elements of the column.
Disadvantages of minimally invasive spine surgery
- For the professional: it requires learning a new surgical technique.
- For the patient: there are none.