Children with difficulties in relating: Asperger syndrome

Written by: Dra. María José Mas Salguero
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Asperger syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder of biological cause that begins to manifest during childhood. It happens when abnormalities in brain development that alter the formation of the highly complex neural networks that govern behavior, language and communication occur; causing a disorder that hinders people in their social interaction.


Early symptoms to detect Asperger Syndrome

These difficulties in conduct marked by restricted interests, stereotyped and difficult to modify, along with a decline in their ability to socialize and communicate. It is precisely these difficulties that allow diagnosis, and defining the rest of autism spectrum disorders. Asperger syndrome is also known as high-functioning autism.

Children living with Asperger syndrome develop normal use of language in terms of vocabulary and syntax, but struggle to use it the same way as other children. Pedants have conversations, as if it were a wise man, and his intonation is very monotonous; also it tends to ignore the feeling that his interlocutor. Still they have no problem to express themselves verbally. But his topics of conversation are usually often the same as they have great facility to learn many facts about topics that interest them.

As for his relationship with the environment, it should be noted that children with Asperger have a strong attachment to his mother or to his father. But when they try to open up to the rest, the situation becomes complicated. His understanding of the intentions and emotional state of the person treated usually wrong, so their own social responses are often abnormal. It is for this reason that children often play alone, because it costs them to obtain the understanding of the rest.

Although it is known that the disorder has a biological origin, in most cases the cause can not be determined. Its clinical diagnosis is therefore based on their own statements and experience of a professional expert in child neurology and good knowledge of the problem.


What role does the family in the development of children with Asperger?

The family always plays a key role. In a first phase, the family is essential to detect early symptoms of the syndrome; and then how serving the communication, social and emotional difficulties of the child.Parents, educators and other health professionals should be involved for the child with Asperger understand that the way they interact with the rest it is complicated. You must learn to recognize their weaknesses to get to learn how to understand their environment and their peers.  Most adults with Asperger syndrome tend to be increasingly independent, although due to persistence in their social difficulties, often continue to need support.


*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. María José Mas Salguero
Pediatric neurology

Dr. But Salguero is a renowned specialist in Pediatrics and Pediatric Neurology with extensive experience in caring for children with neurodevelopmental disorders and neurological disorders. Trained as a neurologist and specialist in childhood epilepsy in Sant Joan de Deu Hospital of Barcelona, ​​he completed his training at the Hôpital Necker in Paris, France. He holds a Masters in Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology at the University Pablo de Olavide. He has served as a professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the Faculty of Medicine of the Rovira i Virgili University and currently teaches graduate in different Spanish universities. He has taken several courses nationally and internationally. It is a full member of various medical societies.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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