Although knee problems occupy a large percentage of time in trauma consultations at any age, it is true that over the age of 40 or 45, injuries resulting from degenerative changes that show symptoms when they maintain an activity important and uncontrolled or adequate.
Major Knee Injuries
The main knee problems can be traumatic or degenerative, even in some cases the combination of both.
The most frequent pathology includes:
- Acute (traumatic) meniscal injury.
- Degenerative meniscal injury.
- Ligamentous lesions (anterior cruciate ligament rupture is the most frequent).
- Traumatic chondral injuries.
To all this should be added the problems arising from overload or physical exercise performed without control or prior preparation:
- iliotibial girdle syndrome
- patellar tendinitis
- anserine bursitis
- patellofemoral syndrome.
Sports to Avoid to Prevent Knee Injuries
Classically, contact sports or repeated impact, such as football, basketball or handball, are not recommended from a certain age or in the presence of established injuries.