Borderline personality disorder

Written by: Dr. Sergio Oliveros Calvo
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Emotional instability, impulsivity and difficulties in interpersonal relationship are some of the characteristics of borderline personality disorder, which should be considered a psychiatric illness more than just a personality disorder on all grounds we will see below.

The disorder limit ( borderline ) personality is a set of anomalies in terms of emotions, affection, motivations and social relationship of a subject that generate or persons you surround a significant and persistent discomfort. Such anomalies consist primarily of the disorder in a marked emotional instability and impulsivity. It is a disorder that affects 1.8% of the general population, and their distribution is 3 women for every man, overly accentuated in dysfunctional families.

Generates a high rate of complications toxic, food, legal, medical, family or work, in addition to a very high consumption of health resources ( hospitalizations, income, emergency room suicide attempts, etc. ). This is not the opinion of many specialists from a mere personality disorder, but a psychiatric illness fledged that should be included in Axis I mental international classifications.

Symptoms of the disorder borderline

The borderline patient presents such a marked feature affective instability due to intense emotional reactions to rejection, criticism, or anything that may be perceived as a wound his pride. However, this feeling usually lasts only a few hours. Are common episodes of anger and difficulty controlling their impulses, which are recuentes threats of suicide and self-mutilation, with superficial cuts on the skin especially.

The chronic feelings of emptiness or worthlessness from as young as adolescence is one of the symptoms of those with personality disorder limit. Males are more likely to experience concomitant use of drugs and women, however, concurrent disorders feed. It is the most personality disorder comorbidity ( simultaneous presence of other diseases).

Treatment of the disorder limit

Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, programming neurolingüistica and dynamic psychotherapy have shown efficacy in treatment. So Listing added inhibitors selective serotonin reuptake at medium and high doses, timoanaleticos as topiramate, gabapentin, pregabalin and oxcarbazepine and atypical neuroleptics as quetiepina, olanzapine, paliperidone and risperidone, have demonstrated efficacy in the control of many of the symptoms short term, facilitating the development of psychotherapies.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Sergio Oliveros Calvo

Dr. Sergio Oliveros Calvo is a psychiatrist specialized in psychotherapy oriented to the psychology of the self, with special dedication to personality disorders and somatization disorders; offers a complete and integrated vision of mental illness thanks to its solid training in psychiatry and psychotherapy, and its more than 25 years of clinical and research experience. He has done part of his training in the United States and directed numerous scientific investigations. His knowledge and professional trajectory have enabled him to be a teacher in numerous centers, both in Spain and in the United States.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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