Emotional instability, impulsivity and difficulties in interpersonal relationship are some of the characteristics of borderline personality disorder, which should be considered a psychiatric illness more than just a personality disorder on all grounds we will see below.
The disorder limit ( borderline ) personality is a set of anomalies in terms of emotions, affection, motivations and social relationship of a subject that generate or persons you surround a significant and persistent discomfort. Such anomalies consist primarily of the disorder in a marked emotional instability and impulsivity. It is a disorder that affects 1.8% of the general population, and their distribution is 3 women for every man, overly accentuated in dysfunctional families.
Generates a high rate of complications toxic, food, legal, medical, family or work, in addition to a very high consumption of health resources ( hospitalizations, income, emergency room suicide attempts, etc. ). This is not the opinion of many specialists from a mere personality disorder, but a psychiatric illness fledged that should be included in Axis I mental international classifications.
Symptoms of the disorder borderline
The borderline patient presents such a marked feature affective instability due to intense emotional reactions to rejection, criticism, or anything that may be perceived as a wound his pride. However, this feeling usually lasts only a few hours. Are common episodes of anger and difficulty controlling their impulses, which are recuentes threats of suicide and self-mutilation, with superficial cuts on the skin especially.
The chronic feelings of emptiness or worthlessness from as young as adolescence is one of the symptoms of those with personality disorder limit. Males are more likely to experience concomitant use of drugs and women, however, concurrent disorders feed. It is the most personality disorder comorbidity ( simultaneous presence of other diseases).
Treatment of the disorder limit
Cognitive behavioral psychotherapy, programming neurolingüistica and dynamic psychotherapy have shown efficacy in treatment. So Listing added inhibitors selective serotonin reuptake at medium and high doses, timoanaleticos as topiramate, gabapentin, pregabalin and oxcarbazepine and atypical neuroleptics as quetiepina, olanzapine, paliperidone and risperidone, have demonstrated efficacy in the control of many of the symptoms short term, facilitating the development of psychotherapies.