Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS

Written by: Dr. Fermín Mearin Manrique
Published: | Updated: 16/02/2023
Edited by: Top Doctors®

What is irritable bowel syndrome and what symptoms do you have?

Irritable bowel syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome is when a patient has abdominal pain, impaired bowel movements ... sometimes he has constipation , sometimes diarrhea , sometimes urgently, and tests and tests are done, colonoscopies are made and everything goes normal ... however, the patient has those symptoms, that is what we call irritable colon .

What are the causes?

Unfortunately we do not know exactly what the causes are but it seems that there are some genetic aspects , in fact there are patients who have in the family someone else with irritable bowel, but there are also other causes such as food, stress ... Each patient with irritable bowel syndrome is different and that is why it is so important to study them individually.

Does diet and stress influence irritable bowel syndrome?

It is true that diet and stress are related to irritable bowel, although they are not the only causes. There are many patients that relate the symptoms to some food, sometimes because they have a malabsorption of lactose or fructose , celiac disease must also be ruled out, and it is also very frequent that the symptoms begin after an agonizing situation and worsen when there is something stressful. But there is usually no single cause, in most cases the factors that influence the symptoms are diverse.

What is the treatment to follow for this disease?

As the symptoms of irritable bowel are diverse also the treatments are diverse, that is why it is very important to know in each patient which is the fundamental cause and choose the best treatment. Sometimes you have to make changes in your diet or eliminate a certain food. Luckily, there are now medications that are useful in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. The combination of various treatment techniques, sometimes even with psychotherapy , is what gives the best results in the treatment of irritable bowel.

Can it lead to more serious diseases?

The irritable colon is already serious enough, it greatly alters the quality of life of the patients and those who suffer it know it very well. Alters their normal life, their family life, sometimes makes it difficult for them to go to social activities, but it is true that irritable bowel is not a cause that predisposes to colon cancer .

There is a phrase that I usually say: " Irritable colon syndrome does not kill you but it makes your life very difficult".

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Fermín Mearin Manrique

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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