Patients who develop advanced renal failure will require renal replacement therapy, ie dialysis, either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. In a significant part of these patients, Renal Transplant can be considered as an alternative to dialysis, a conventional surgical procedure.
Histocompatibility studies fundamentally determine antigenic identities, which help identify the most suitable receptor. In addition, a complex clinical assessment allows the selection of the best candidate. In case the graft comes from a living donor, the eventual donor is subjected to a thorough analytical and image examination. This rule out a series of pathologies of neoplastic order, infective and degenerative, among others, that ensure the viability of the donor after the mutilation that supposes the donation.
How the kidney transplant is performed
The renal transplantation process is a conventional surgical procedure and consists of the accomplishment of vascular anastomosis (" splices "), venous and arterial, to achieve the re-functionalization of the renal graft, and finally the urinary one, for the conduction of the urine to the bladder. Kidney transplantation requires hospitalization. Firstly, in an isolation unit the first three days, and later conventional until completing 8-10 days if no incidents arise.
The need to be treated with immunosuppressive medication is the most peculiar characteristic of the transplanted patient. Measures should be taken to prevent infectious episodes and will undergo routine, mainly analytical checks to assess the functional evolution of the kidney and drug levels. Dietary aspects and blood pressure control are equally important. But basically, the transplanted patient can be incorporated into an activity within normality, including in many cases the labor aspects.