The conventional method of renal transplantation

Written by: Dr. Ángel Roncalés Badal
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Patients who develop advanced renal failure will require renal replacement therapy, ie dialysis, either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. In a significant part of these patients, Renal Transplant can be considered as an alternative to dialysis, a conventional surgical procedure.

Renal transplantation is a conventional surgical procedure with splices

Histocompatibility studies fundamentally determine antigenic identities, which help identify the most suitable receptor. In addition, a complex clinical assessment allows the selection of the best candidate. In case the graft comes from a living donor, the eventual donor is subjected to a thorough analytical and image examination. This rule out a series of pathologies of neoplastic order, infective and degenerative, among others, that ensure the viability of the donor after the mutilation that supposes the donation.


How the kidney transplant is performed

The renal transplantation process is a conventional surgical procedure and consists of the accomplishment of vascular anastomosis (" splices "), venous and arterial, to achieve the re-functionalization of the renal graft, and finally the urinary one, for the conduction of the urine to the bladder. Kidney transplantation requires hospitalization. Firstly, in an isolation unit the first three days, and later conventional until completing 8-10 days if no incidents arise.

The need to be treated with immunosuppressive medication is the most peculiar characteristic of the transplanted patient. Measures should be taken to prevent infectious episodes and will undergo routine, mainly analytical checks to assess the functional evolution of the kidney and drug levels. Dietary aspects and blood pressure control are equally important. But basically, the transplanted patient can be incorporated into an activity within normality, including in many cases the labor aspects.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Ángel Roncalés Badal

Dr. Angel Roncales Badal is a leader in the specialty of Urology for his professional experience in Oncological Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Laparoscopic Surgery and Renal Transplantation. He is Head of Section Reconstructive Surgery Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet and since the 80s, is part of the Renal Transplant Unit (have already performed more than 1,200 kidney transplants ).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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