Atopic dermatitis is a very common type of eczema in the infant stage. In fact, it is one of the major skin problems of children with seborrheic dermatitis, warts and molluscum contagiosum.
Although it affects all ages, 60% of cases occur during the first year of life. Most cases disappear between 8 and 10 years. Patients who continue adults suffering it tend to present a more complicated clinical picture.
The predominant cause is genetic and associated with an allergic process. It relates, for example, with a tendency to develop food allergies.
- Topical corticosteroids and, in some cases, systemic
- Topically immunomodulatory
- Fatty acids omega 3 and omega 6, borage oil, evening primrose oil and other oils orally
- Using bath oils, moisturizing emollients and body oils
- If there is any allergen, such as egg, it should be excluded from the diet
- Use phototherapy and, in more severe cases, immunosuppressive
Children's skin is very delicate and you need special care. When the toilet, avoid very hot water and long baths. It is best to use oil instead of soap. Also it is dried and the skin gently without rubbing. Immediately thereafter be applied moisturizing lotion. It is advisable to cut your fingernails to prevent scratching and superinfection of lesions.
As for clothing, so dress as bedding, it is advisable to use cotton clothing and avoid using softeners that can irritate the skin. On the other hand, they have to avoid extreme temperatures and very dry environments. Finally, we have to avoid dusty and pets.