Atopic dermatitis: an inherited disease

Written by: Dr. Santiago Bassas Bresca
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Atopic dermatitis is a very common type of eczema in the infant stage. In fact, it is one of the major skin problems of children with seborrheic dermatitis, warts and molluscum contagiosum.

Although it affects all ages, 60% of cases occur during the first atopic dermatitis in children year of life. Most cases disappear between 8 and 10 years. Patients who continue adults suffering it tend to present a more complicated clinical picture.

The predominant cause is genetic and associated with an allergic process. It relates, for example, with a tendency to develop food allergies.



  • Topical corticosteroids and, in some cases, systemic
  • Topically immunomodulatory
  • Fatty acids omega 3 and omega 6, borage oil, evening primrose oil and other oils orally
  • Using bath oils, moisturizing emollients and body oils
  • If there is any allergen, such as egg, it should be excluded from the diet
  • Use phototherapy and, in more severe cases, immunosuppressive

Children's skin is very delicate and you need special care. When the toilet, avoid very hot water and long baths. It is best to use oil instead of soap. Also it is dried and the skin gently without rubbing. Immediately thereafter be applied moisturizing lotion. It is advisable to cut your fingernails to prevent scratching and superinfection of lesions.

As for clothing, so dress as bedding, it is advisable to use cotton clothing and avoid using softeners that can irritate the skin. On the other hand, they have to avoid extreme temperatures and very dry environments. Finally, we have to avoid dusty and pets.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Santiago Bassas Bresca

Dr. Bassas is a renowned specialist in Dermatology. He has more than 30 years of experience and his own clinic in Barcelona. He is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of alopecia and hair disorders. Throughout his career he has held positions of responsibility such as Head of the Dermatology Unit at the Red Cross Hospital in L'Hospitalet and the Children's Hospital of Barcelona.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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