Any bone is subjected to repeated loads may suffer a stress fracture (also called fatigue fractures). The bones most frequently involved are those of the lower limbs and pelvis, but may also occur in spine and upper limbs in people who undergo loads these regions.
More frequent stress fractures
Fractures are the most frequent stress metatarsal of the foot and tibia. So are those of the pubic rami and the sacrum.
They can also appear in other bones of the foot as the scaphoid or navicular, and also fibula and neck or femoral shaft.
How to avoid stress fractures
Stress fractures are injuries caused by the imbalance between the load or impact and rest and recovery measures. Some factors that may favor its appearance are nutritional defects in vitamin D or minerals, or amenorrhea.
On the other hand, a way to prevent them in the sport is to strengthen the muscle properly, such as physical therapy, templates (if any biomechanical alterations), and especially suitable fillers.
Symptoms of stress fractures
The main symptom of stress fractures is pain, although sometimes not as strong activity appears to suspect fracture and leave. This is one of the main problems of the injury, which goes unnoticed by those affected, their coaches and even their therapists or specialists in Traumatology .
Sometimes this condition is related to muscles or tendons. To diagnose it is necessary radiological tests; scintigraphy is more sensitive, but the resonance allows better delineate the extent of the injury and stroke.
If time is not detected or not training is reduced injury just progressing and getting worse.
Treatment for stress fractures
Most stress fractures heal relative rest, avoiding loading the gesture, but allowing pool or bicycle mobility in most cases (metatarsal, tibia, calcaneus). Some bones more complicated and require immobilization or even surgery (tarsal navicular, femoral neck). All fully recover after proper treatment.
The most important thing is to emphasize the importance of early diagnosis in suspected front of the first symptoms.