Periodontal disease, if untreated, can lead to loss of teeth, as they are diseases affecting the tissues that support. According evolution are, first, gingivitis. If untreated periodontitis evolves, which can cause tooth mobility. Hence the importance of addressing these pathologies time and apply appropriate treatment based on proper oral hygiene, curettage of periodontal pockets and, if you are more periodontal surgery.
Periodontal Disease: What They Are
They are a group of diseases that affect the tissues supporting the teeth and, if not treated, progress to cause loss of these. In a first stage, gingivitis, caused by the accumulation of plaque between teeth and gum, which is red and swollen and bleed easily found. If evolves untreated will lead to periodontitis, known as "pyorrhea". Periodontitis is more serious because it affects the supporting tissues of the teeth and can expose, in the most serious cases, the cleavage site of the roots and cause mobility of teeth.Below is a picture of a healthy gingiva shown:
The following image, however, shows gingivitis:
What to do if your gums bleed
It is not normal for gums to bleed. This is due to the existence of gingivitis or gum inflammation, which is associated generally with the presence of dental plaque and is presented as a red gum edematous and bleeds easily.In the following image shows a gum bleeds contact shown:
Causes of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria lesions that are in the oral cavity, around the teeth, and if not disposed of properly, are deposited between the gum and the tooth, inflaming the same. They are then able to move below the gumline, migrating through the tooth root and go destroying the bone that holds.
How to prevent periodontal disease
The first step, and most important, is to maintain adequate daily hygiene, and, secondly, to make two annual visits to the dentist because early diagnosis will result in a simple treatment and better results than if the disease is detected and treats when it is more advanced.
Treatment of periodontal disease
There are a number of procedures to address periodontal disease by the expert in Dentistry and Stomatology :• Brushing instructions to maintain proper oral hygiene• Routine scale subgingival periodontal pockets• Antibiotic treatment occasionally• When the disease is more advanced it will assess the need for periodontal surgery
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante