Irritable bowel is a chronic disorder of the digestive tract very common in the population and is one of the most frequent consultations with specialists Digestive System. There is no organic underlying disease but cause a significant impact on quality of life of patients due to a range of highly variable digestive symptoms.
Causes of Irritable Bowel
It is not known exactly what causes the disorder. There are several theories to try to explain the origin, such as alterations of neurotransmitters involved in intestinal motility, alterations of bacterial flora, changes in visceral sensitivity, etc.. However, no one knows yet what the true cause of the disorder.
Symptoms usually experience the patient with irritable bowel involvement in daily life
Symptoms usually cause greater or lesser extent, affected the quality of life of patients, causing absenteeism, fear of eating, impaired social relationships, etc.. But the disorder will not lead to future disease.
The symptoms are varied between patients, but include abdominal pain, bloating, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, appearance of mucus in the stools, among others.
Diagnosis of Irritable Bowel
There is no specific test that can diagnose irritable bowel. What should be done are diagnostic tests to rule out other pathologies, including blood tests, stool, radiological and endoscopic tests are included, depending on the symptoms presented by the patient.
Irritable bowel treatment, is a chronic disease with no cure?
Irritable bowel treatment will depend on the symptomatology. It includes dietary hygiene measures, such as intake of fiber in the diet, make at least five meals a day, slowly chewing food, physical exercise, etc.
From the pharmacological point of view they can be used prokinetics, spasmolytics, probiotics, analgesics, etc. And, sometimes, benzodiazepines and antidepressants, which have demonstrated clinical improvement of these patients are used.
As a mainstay of treatment, it is essential to reassure and understand the patient, in consultation explaining what their pathology and the absence of future development of intestinal diseases. Sometimes when accompanied by anxiety disorder and / or depression, psychotherapy has been effective in controlling symptoms.
It is a chronic disease in which the patient must learn to live together and usually presents in episodes that can be more or less long and will require treatment seasons.
Treatment outcome irritable bowel
Like any chronic disease the effectiveness of treatments is highly variable and sometimes it is very difficult to get the patient to improve their quality of life, which is what is sought with the treatments.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante