Sinonasal polyposis is a benign chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal passages that are often associated with allergy and / or asthma. Causes airway obstruction, recurrent infections (sinusitis) and changes in the olfactory and taste perception; sometimes it can even lead to deformities in the face.
The growth of polyps can be controlled by administration of oral corticosteroids or inhaled. However, specialists of Otolaryngology say that in a number of cases it is necessary to remove polyps with endoscopic surgery.
Endoscopic sinus surgery
Endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is the treatment of choice for other variants polyposis and chronic sinusitis with poor response to drug treatment. It is performed under general anesthesia, so you should make a proper preoperative evaluation at the age and medical history.
The polyp removal is accomplished under endoscopic vision through the nostrils. After surgery, nasal packing which is usually removed after 48-72 hours standing.
Endoscopic sinus surgery is painless during or after surgery. The most remarkable annoyance is the need to mouth breathing due to nasal packing, for what may be useful anxiolytic administration.
The postoperative is fast and well tolerated. Usually a cleaning crusts and secretions two weeks in the query is made, even under endoscopic control. Regular monitoring should be kept as it is a chronic inflammatory disease and occasionally polyps may recur.
Complications of endoscopic sinus surgery
Endoscopic sinus surgery has complications infrequently. Although unusual, which occur more often bleeding after unplugging the orbital hematoma and exceptionally visual disturbances.