The sports cardiology is a part of the cardiac activity is based on the detection of heart disease that may pose a risk to sport.
Sudden death, despite being rare, your risk increases with physical exercise, especially in people with heart disease undiagnosed. The aim of the sports cardiology is to recognize the symptoms that may point to an increased cardiovascular risk. Sport should be done under medical supervision and control.
In sports cardiology cardiovascular changes caused by regular training, in order to mark what the physiological limits of the athlete are studied. With the means at our disposal, we can diagnose entities that can prevent proper exercise, even diseases that cause sudden death of the sportsman. Cardiologists recommend a series of rules and tips for proper exercise for both amateur and professional athletes.
The emergence of problems at the cardiac level is different depending on the age of the athlete. From 35 years and in the presence of risk factors: cholesterol, hypertension, smoking, etc., the presence of coronary artery disease is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease. The heart valve problems may contraindicate the sport.
In young athletes, rule out congenital heart diseases such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or dysplasia significantly reduces the risk of sudden death.
Diagnosis of a pathology
If an athlete is found to have an cardiac pathology, it contraindicará intense physical activity, unless the case of valvular disease, depending on its severity, need not affect the sport.
The time that an athlete will be available to return to physical activity, once diagnosed his condition is variable, depending on the disease to be detected and if it has been treated by surgery.