Guillain-Barré syndrome

Specialty of Immunology

Guillain Barre syndrome is a serious health problem. It occurs when the body's immune system (defense system) mistakenly attacks the nervous system. This entails damage and inflammation of the nerves causing tingling, muscle weakness or paralysis, among other symptoms. The syndrome affects the nerve covering (myelin sheath), receiving the name of demyelination and causes nerve signals to mobilize more slowly. If other parts of the nerve damage may stop working. The exact causes of the syndrome are unknown. It can occur in both sexes, being more frequent between 30 and 50 years. In addition, you may be presented with viral or bacterial infections, such as gastrointestinal disease, mycoplasma pneumonia, HIV (very rare cases), herpes simplex, mononucleosis, lupus erythematosus, Hodgkin's disease or after surgery. Although there is no cure for Guillain-Barré syndrome, treatment is focused on treating complications and speed recovery. Depending on the severity of the disease different treatments will be provided. Apheresis / plasmapheresis, which involves removing and blocking proteins (called antibodies) that attack nerve cells or IVIG are the main treatments to reduce infection.

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