Intestinal ischemia or mesenteric ischemia is a condition in which part of the intestine has poor vascular supply, causing tissue damage. When this deficit is more intense and lasting can cause death. Some of the causes that can cause this disease: tumors, intestinal hernias, abdominal level prior to surgery, arrhythmias, or atherosclerotic disease. In complicated cases, the end result may be the visceral ischemia or intestinal infarction affected area. Clinically, it manifests with abdominal pain, as most characteristic symptom, but may also occur diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. The diagnosis is often clinical and surgical treatment, as appropriate.