Reinke's edema is the progressive formation of an irritation and swelling in the form of gelatinous bag in the vocal cords (Reinke space). These problems in the vocal cords cause long-term dysphonia, hoarseness and, sometimes, shortness of breath. Typically, this condition affects people who misuse or abuse their voice and smokers. In most cases treatment is based on rehabilitation therapy with a speech therapist, snuff and total suppression of vocal rest. However, some patients with Reinke's edema longstanding must undergo laryngeal microsurgery intervention as definitive treatment for the removal or absorption of edema. In these cases, also rehabilitation therapy before and after the operation is required.