Child Trauma, also called Children's Orthopedics and Orthopedic Surgery Children, is a subspecialty of Orthopaedic Surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in children and adolescents, ie, patient age growth.
In childhood the bones and muscles are in constant growth and development, and therefore the orthopedic problems are different from adults and require different treatment. From this arises the need for specialization within the general orthopedic surgery aimed at addressing the problems of this age.
What childhood trauma studies?
Childhood trauma studies all musculoskeletal disorders in the age of growth: Traumatic, birth defects, developmental abnormalities of the limbs or spine, bone and joint infections and tumors. Your goal is prevention, early detection and proper treatment of this disease.
The most common disease in children are fractures at any site but especially in wrist and elbow. There are also frequent visits by alterations in the shape of the lower limbs or differences in length that affect gait disturbance. Less frequent but important in our specialty for being patient characteristics pathologies in childhood are developmental dysplasia of the hip, Perthes disease and idiopathic scoliosis.
Treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
Rather than preventing early diagnosis is important in order to solve as soon as possible and the simplest way to avoid problems in adulthood.
Treatment of musculoskeletal disease in children differs greatly from that of adults. Generally they require less surgical and used more treatment with casts or braces. But often must be taken Surgically, the vast majority are different from those carried out in adult patients.