Type 2 diabetes is a very common disease, which may limit our quality of life and normally associated with overweight and obesity. In the following article Dr. Nubiola gives us the keys to diagnose early and prevent this disease.
Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
It is important to make an early diagnosis in people with obesity, women who have been diagnosed with PCOS who have had children who at birth weighed more than 4 kg, or they found them "sugar" during pregnancy. The presence of overweight or obesity in people who have high blood pressure, excess cholesterol, triglycerides and uric acid necessary to rule out a possible diabetes. A simple analytical blood is sufficient to establish the diagnosis. If instead it is not performed and the diagnosis is delayed, the presence of diabetes can deteriorate irreversibly our body.
Tips to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
The mainstays of treatment are healthy habits and regular physical exercise life, walking an hour a day is enough, and a reduced "sugars" or carbohydrate and high fat and protein diet. No need to count calories or spend deprivation leading to abandonment and despair patient. The so-called "hipoglucídica diet" would be the most recommended.
In recent years, there have been drugs for the treatment of diabetes which shows excellent performance in regard to glucose control and weight reduction. Thus, the need for insulin and glucose controls practice by fingerstick avoided in many cases.
Other types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in young children abruptly with symptoms of increased thirst and urination, accompanied by a significant reduction in weight. The treatment in these cases bind insulin self-administration four times a day, with frequent glucose self-monitoring address along the day.
There are intermediate forms, such as diabetes LADA type that appear in adulthood but behave as type 1 diabetes, requiring the use of insulin after a few months or years of diagnosis.