The limiting disorder of personality is an alteration of the character more and more habitual. It is diagnosed mainly in women and its first manifestations take place in adolescence and preadolescence, being the beginning of adulthood its maximum clinical expression. Symptoms tend to be attenuated with age, and between 40 and 45 years the symptoms related to impulsivity decline.
Symptoms of borderline personality disorder
The borderline personality disorder is characterized by a model of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, in which idealized or devalued other people. The patient presents an altered identity, with a changing self-image, chronic feelings of emptiness, emotional instability and intense and inappropriate anger.
The person makes great efforts to avoid a real or imagined abandonment, distrusts others during very stressful periods, is extremely sensitive to their environment, shows a potentially harmful impulsivity, especially towards himself and presents suicidal behaviors, attempts or threats Recurrent, as well as tendency to self-harm, for example cuts.
Diagnosis of borderline personality disorder
The cause of borderline personality disorder is multifactorial (genetic, familial, educational and environmental) related to various psychiatric pathologies.
Addictive substance abuse, eating disorders, anxiety disorders and depressive disorders and psychotic episodes potentially aggravate borderline personality disorder.
This disorder can become very incapacitating because of its symptomatology and poor socio-family and work adaptation to which the patient can reach.
For its correct diagnosis, it is very important to differentiate it well from other mental disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults or Bipolar Disorder.
There are more than ten personality disorders. Generally, specialists in Psychiatry, usually see mixed forms. Personality Limit Disorder is included within Group B Personality Disorders, along with Narcissistic, Antisocial, and Histrionic Disorders.
They are all impulsive, unstable, emotional and aggressive.
• Group A is made up of the Schizoid, Paranoid and Schizotypal. They are rare, eccentric and suspicious people.
• Group C is composed of Dependent, Evitative and Obsessive patients. They are anxious, phobic, fearful, dependent, and obsessive patients.
Treatment for borderline personality disorder
Personality Limit Disorder is becoming more frequent and the treatment consists of a multidisciplinary approach, both through psychopharmacological treatment and psychological treatment, through Lineham's Behavioral Dialectic Therapy.
For the rest of personality disorders, pharmacological and psychological treatment is combined based on the symptoms that predominate in each person.