Orthognathic surgery is a procedure during which a set of surgical techniques to place the jaws in an ideal position and correctly apply. The goal is always to achieve adequate aesthetics and good occlusion.
Orthognathic surgery: techniques applied
In maxillofacial surgery , the ideal treatment to correct a malformation of the jaws is orthognathic surgery is performed and multidisciplinary including: orthodontists, periodontists, implantologists, prosthodontists, oral surgeons, physiotherapists and other specialists.
Not always changes are made in one intervention, because sometimes deformity requires slow and gradual correction to overcome the resistance of the soft tissues, especially when the procedure is performed early.
Furthermore, minor aesthetic techniques are performed simultaneously while other larger corrections require a second operation.
Consequences in an untreated patient
A patient who has not undergone orthognathic surgery, although it is true that you can lead a completely normal life, yes that coexist with certain minor malocclusions. The most severe consequences involve psychological and functional problems such as early loss of teeth, increased incidence of periodontal disease and caries or functional disorders of the temporomandibular joint.
Orthognathic surgery postoperative
There is an inflammation that persists for weeks, although it can perform normal social life about 10 days when it has already yielded most acute edema. However, some swelling for weeks and even months persists.
The care that must be followed are: a soft diet and optimal oral hygiene, which is sometimes difficult. Postoperatively the complementary orthodontic treatment begins, usually with elastic for a perfect final adjustment of occlusion.