Why a hernia occurs and how to treat

Written by: Dr.Prof. Alfredo Moreno Egea
Edited by: Top Doctors®

A hernia occurs in the form of lump or hernia as a result of inadequate healing after abdominal surgery. Although not usually cause pain if that bothers the patient's daily life. The danger is when there is risk of strangulation. It is therefore very important to see a specialist, who will indicate the best treatment.

Hernia: what is

A hernia is the result of inadequate healing after a previous surgical incision. That is, they are not closed or has not healed properly wound and left damaged tissues. This causes them to go apart, allowing the casings to leave the belly fat tissue under the skin. They appear, therefore, always after an operation, on the incision made by the surgeon.



Why a hernia occurs

There are many factors that make a hernia appears after surgery but, above all, wound infection. If the patient has been operated and the wound became infected possibly, eventually, a hernia or hernia in the stomach to form. They can be considered a complication of a previous "bad" surgery.Other problems that cause increased intra-abdominal pressure are factors that can help your training. Some of them are:- obesity- advanced age- malnutrition- Ascites, or liver and kidney problems (uremia)- Postoperative hematoma- Chronic cough in smokers- peritoneal dialysis- pregnancy


Symptoms of a hernia and diagnosis

An incisional hernia causes an increase in the volume of the abdomen (a lump or tumor) in the area where a previous scar. It usually occurs in the center or midline and especially near the navel.Sometimes not too painful, but annoying when the patient physically active, exertion, coughing, etc.. At first the dough may disappear when the patient lies down, and is more visible when standing.Therefore, the diagnosis is simple, but requires a proper physical examination of the Surgeon General .When a hernia can not be reduced means that he is trapped and then more pain, nausea, vomiting, it appears etc. In this case you should go immediately to a specialist.


Treatment for a hernia and results

The only definitive solution to correct a hernia or ventral hernia is surgery. Other palliative measures do not eliminate the risk of complications. An example is the wearing of a girdle, which is a sham treatment that does not avoid problems and to grow more over time.Patients should be advised early treatment as a strangulated hernia may involve a danger to life.The procedure to repair a hernia is called incisional hernia repair, and represents the entire reinforcing weakened abdominal wall with a synthetic material or mesh appropriate to each patient.Not all screens are equal and have the same effect. Only a specialist knows what material should be appropriate for your particular case.


Recommendations for the treatment of a hernia

There are certain questions whose answers should know the patient before a hernia intervenirse. Therefore, it would be necessary to ask them the specialist:

- Who is going to operate? Do you know your surgeon? Do you know if an expert in hernias?- What type of anesthesia will be administered?- What kind of mesh you going to get in her womb?- Can be operated by laparoscopy to make it less painful, less scarring, greater well-being and recovery easier?- What technology is available?

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr.Prof. Alfredo Moreno Egea

Dr. Alfredo Moreno Egea is Doctor "Cum Laude" in Medicine and Surgery, Academic Correspondent and Professor of Surgery. Has over 25 years experience in the specialty, being instructor Laparoscopic Surgery for other novice surgeons and residents, Wall Unit Coordinator Abdominal Hernia Diploma from the University of Monterrey, and Secretary General of the Spanish-American Hernia Society. He has published more than 200 scientific articles in prestigious journals, both national and international (as first author), has participated in numerous conferences and meetings as an expert, it belongs to the Editorial Board of numerous journals and is a regular speaker at conferences specialty. He is currently Head of the Hernia Clinic referral center for troubleshooting the abdominal wall (Hernia) of abdominal contouring (tummy tucks) and treat post-surgical inguinal nerve pain (neurectomy), among other conditions.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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