Orthognathic surgery, also known as facial deformities surgery is the surgical technique suitable for cases where it is necessary to correct the position of the mandible or maxilla. The maxillofacial surgeon is the specialist to perform these movements into position and achieve a functional and aesthetic solution.
Dentofacial deformities are very common. This type of patient comes to the doctor's maxillofacial surgeon basically two problems: one does not suit him functional to the upper teeth with the lower and so difficult to chew. Beside this drawback an important aesthetic problem accompanied, as both the position of the mandible and maxilla condition significantly the overall appearance of the face.
Recent advances in orthognathic surgery
In recent years, thanks to advances in digital technology has been greatly improved preparation of intervention and possible prediction of results.
It has also increased the efficiency of instruments and fixing means used, whereby the side effects of surgery are minimized.
Study prior to orthognathic surgery
Before undergoing orthognathic surgery and facial radiographic photographic studio and making molds of teeth for further manipulation it is necessary. In this process you can use the 3D scanner and intraoral dental surface. Thus, errors associated with the application of plaster casts or articulators and possible complications that may arise during surgery are avoided.
Cases virtually all will require that the patient requires orthodontic before and after the operation.
Postoperative of this surgery
Recovery of these procedures will vary depending displacement type and patient characteristics. Given the differences that may exist between some interventions, it is best to stick to postoperative care to indicate the maxillofacial surgeon in each case.
Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.