Alzheimer 's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects and alters the cognitive ability of the patient; their behavior and activities of daily living.
is included within a group of diseases that cause impairment of higher functions:calls dementias. These alterations affect memory,executive functions, the spatiotemporal orientation, personal or language.
The Alzheimer usually initiated by a progressive loss of immediate memory, which will progressively by adding new Symptoms, such disorders and behavioral orientation involving a negative impact on the activities the affected daily.
Causes of Alzheimer
This is the most common cause of Dementia, is rarely hereditary contrary to what we usually think, and presented sporadically, with causes that are unknown even today.
It is important and basic set a diagnosis as early as possible, because in this way you can establish the differential diagnosis with other types of dementia, as their prognosis and their treatment can be very different. The diagnosis is basically established through medical history, neurological examination, neuroimaging scans and neuropsychological exploration.
Treatment of Alzheimer
Currently, although the available treatments have limited efficacy, is shown to improve the course of the disease, both cognitively and other aspects of adaptive/behavioral type. Moreover, this demonstrated that as earlier the start of treatment can obtain most benefit patients.