the for cervical cancer is second with more incidence in women in developed countries. The cause that plays is the alteration in the cells of the cervix, in 70 % of cases caused by types 16 and 18 (HPV ) human papillomavirus, which have been detected more than 100 kinds virus.
HPV for cervical cancer
The fact of carrying the HPV is no direct trigger of promoting for cervical cancer, although the likelihood of suffering existira. The virus can be present in an inactive form and is not hereditary.
The most common tumor is squamous cell carcinoma, established in the lining of the cervix, and adenocarcinoma located in the glands that produce cervical fluid. In early stages, HPV can be detected by the appearance of warts on or around the female and male genital organs as well as in the anus. The size of these warts is minimal, may be barely visible or measure a few centimeters in diameter.
Symptoms and Detection
for cervical cancer often has no symptoms, only in very advanced stages. Therefore, the Dr. Vidal Pelaez considered vital its prevention with the realization of periodic cytologies. Should bleeding occur after intercourse, between periods or notice swelling in the area, you should see a specialist.
The realization of the cytology has helped the number of dead from the disease decreased significantly. With this test can easily discover if a woman has the virus. We can also detect changes and alterations in the cells of the cervix before they become cancerous.
After this test, if they are cancer cells in the outermost part of the neck of uterus, you can perform a needle biopsy, which involves removing only this area. The result of this procedure would be the inability of women to be a mother, since you will have more risk of abortion. This may happen to be more open neck of the uterus, a situation that would be solved with an easy intervention, called cerclage, to close with stitches. If the cancer has advanced and invasive carcinoma appears as necessary to perform the operation of Wertheim-Meigs. This surgery involves removal of the entire uterus and the regional nodes.